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Behavioral Health and Aging Publications


Current tobacco smoking and risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and hospitalization: Evaluating the role of socio-demographic factors and comorbidities

Our recently published study of >2.4 million adults in Northern California indicated that current versus never-tobacco smoking was associated with lower risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and less severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We extended this res...
Author(s): Young-Wolff, Kelly C; Slama, Natalie; Sakoda, Lori C; Prochaska, Judith J; Fogelberg, Renee; Alexeeff, Stacey E

Prev Med. 2023 Apr 26;172:107523. Epub 2023-04-26.

PubMed abstract

Cannabis use for medical reasons among patients in a large California health care system after legalization of non-medical use

In 2018, California legalized the sale of cannabis for adult non-medical use. To understand use of cannabis after legalization, we surveyed a stratified random sample of adults in a large health system (aged 19-64) with and without documented chronic pain...
Author(s): Karmali, Ruchir; Does, Monique B; Gordon, Nancy; Sterling, Stacy A; Young-Wolff, Kelly; Sidney, Stephen; Campbell, Cynthia I

J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2023 Apr 20.

PubMed abstract

Glycemic Control Over Multiple Decades and Dementia Risk in People With Type 2 Diabetes

The levels of glycemic control associated with the lowest risk of dementia in people with type 2 diabetes are unknown. This knowledge is critical to inform patient-centered glycemic target setting. To examine the associations between cumulative exposure t...
Author(s): Moran, Chris; Lacy, Mary E; Whitmer, Rachel A; Tsai, Ai-Lin; Quesenberry, Charles P; Karter, Andrew J; Adams, Alyce S; Gilsanz, Paola

JAMA Neurol. 2023 Apr 17.

PubMed abstract

Association of primary lifetime occupational cognitive complexity and cognitive decline in a diverse cohort: Results from the KHANDLE study

Higher occupational complexity has been linked to favorable cognitive outcomes, but rarely examined in racially and ethnically diverse populations. In a diverse cohort (n = 1536), linear mixed-effects models estimated associations between main lifetime oc...
Author(s): Soh, Yenee; Eng, Chloe W; Mayeda, Elizabeth Rose; Whitmer, Rachel A; Lee, Catherine; Peterson, Rachel L; Mungas, Dan M; Glymour, M Maria; Gilsanz, Paola

Alzheimers Dement. 2023 Apr 14.

PubMed abstract

Cardiometabolic Monitoring and Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics of Youths Prescribed Antipsychotic Medications

This study examined time trends and patient characteristics related to guideline-recommended cardiometabolic risk factor monitoring among youths treated with antipsychotic medications. This observational study assessed participant sociodemographic and cli...
Author(s): Hsueh, Loretta; Iturralde, Esti; Slama, Natalie E; Spalding, Scott R; Sterling, Stacy A

Psychiatr Serv. 2023 Apr 05:appips20220151.

PubMed abstract

Performance of a Prediction Model of Suicide Attempts Across Race and Ethnicity

This study examines whether race disparities exist in the prediction of suicide attempts and if have they have detrimental effects on individuals and health care systems.
Author(s): Papini, Santiago; Hsin, Honor; Kipnis, Patricia; Liu, Vincent X; Lu, Yun; Sterling, Stacy A; Iturralde, Esti

JAMA Psychiatry. 2023 Apr 01;80(4):399-400.

PubMed abstract

State-Level Indicators of Childhood Educational Quality and Incident Dementia in Older Black and White Adults

Higher educational attainment is associated with reduced dementia risk, but the role of educational quality is understudied, presenting a major evidence gap, especially as it may contribute to racial inequities. To evaluate the association between state-l...
Author(s): Soh, Yenee; Whitmer, Rachel A; Mayeda, Elizabeth Rose; Glymour, M Maria; Peterson, Rachel L; Eng, Chloe W; Quesenberry, Charles P; Manly, Jennifer J; Gilsanz, Paola

JAMA Neurol. 2023 Apr 01;80(4):352-359.

PubMed abstract

Disparities in the Receipt of Alcohol Brief Intervention: The Intersectionality of Sex, Age and Race/ethnicity

The increasing trend in alcohol consumption among women, exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, is of growing concern. Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment in primary care is an efficacious and cost-effective treatment approach for unhe...
Author(s): Parthasarathy, Sujaya; Chi, Felicia; Metz, Verena; Kline-Simon, Andrea; Asyyed, Asma; Campbell, Cynthia; Sterling, Stacy

Addiction. 2023 Mar 29.

PubMed abstract

Patient and Visit Characteristics Associated With Physical Restraint Use in the Emergency Department

Objective Physical restraints are used in emergency departments (EDs) to address behavioral emergencies in situations in which less restrictive methods have failed. The objective of this study was to evaluate for associations between patient/visit charact...
Author(s): Walia, Harbir; Tucker, Lue-Yen S; Manickam, Raj N; Kene, Mamata V; Sharp, Adam L; Berdahl, Carl T; Hirschtritt, Matthew E

Perm J. 2023 Mar 15;27(1):94-102. Epub 2022-12-04.

PubMed abstract

A Brief Course on Forensic Psychiatry Principles

Author(s): Weiner, Stephen; Lingafelter, Nathan; Ali, Musaab; Wu, Johnathan; Walia, Harbir; Wasser, Tobias; Hirschtritt, Matthew E

Acad Psychiatry. 2023 Feb;47(1):107-108. Epub 2022-07-19.

PubMed abstract

Association of the COVID-19 Pandemic With Unstable and/or Unsafe Living Situations and Intimate Partner Violence Among Pregnant Individuals

The social, behavioral, and economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic may be associated with unstable and/or unsafe living situations and intimate partner violence (IPV) among pregnant individuals. To investigate trends in unstable and/or unsafe livi...
Author(s): Avalos, Lyndsay A; Ray, G Thomas; Alexeeff, Stacey E; Adams, Sara R; Does, Monique B; Watson, Carey; Young-Wolff, Kelly C

JAMA Netw Open. 2023 Feb 01;6(2):e230172. Epub 2023-02-01.

PubMed abstract

What Will It Take to Meet Adolescents' Mental Health Needs?

Author(s): Hirschtritt, Matthew E; Rodgers, Caryn R R

J Adolesc Health. 2023 Feb;72(2):175-176.

PubMed abstract

Association of cannabis use during pregnancy with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection: a retrospective cohort study

Cannabis use is increasingly common among pregnant individuals and might be a risk factor for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. We aimed to test whether prenatal cannabis use is associated with increased risk of SARS-...
Author(s): Young-Wolff, Kelly C; Ray, G Thomas; Alexeeff, Stacey E; Benowitz, Neal; Adams, Sara R; Does, Monique B; Goler, Nancy; Ansley, Deborah; Conway, Amy; Avalos, Lyndsay A

Addiction. 2023 Feb;118(2):317-326. Epub 2022-10-12.

PubMed abstract

Fulfilling the Goals of 988 Through Crisis Stabilization Care

Recent implementation of the nationwide 988 Suicide and Crisis Lifeline has expanded telephone-based mental health crisis services and created a unified framework for crisis care in the United States. However, the infrastructure for the final step of the ...
Author(s): Hirschtritt, Matthew E; Howard, Caren A; Simon, Gregory E

Psychiatr Serv. 2023 Jan 31:appips20220503.

PubMed abstract

Associations between alcohol brief intervention in primary care and drinking and health outcomes in adults with hypertension and type 2 diabetes: a population-based observational study

To evaluate associations between alcohol brief intervention (BI) in primary care and 12-month drinking outcomes and 18-month health outcomes among adults with hypertension and type 2 diabetes (T2D). A population-based observational study using electronic ...
Author(s): Chi, Felicia W; Weisner, Constance M; Satre, Derek D; Grant, Richard W; Metz, Verena E; Sterling, Stacy A; et al.

BMJ Open. 2023 Jan 19;13(1):e064088. Epub 2023-01-19.

PubMed abstract

Cigarette Smoking and Risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and Disease Severity Among Adults in an Integrated Health Care System in California

The relationship between tobacco smoking status and SARS-CoV-2 infection and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) severity is highly debated. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of?>2.4 million adults in a large healthcare system to evaluate whether ...
Author(s): Young-Wolff, Kelly C; Slama, Natalie; Alexeeff, Stacey E; Sakoda, Lori C; Fogelberg, Renee; Myers, Laura C; Campbell, Cynthia I; Adams, Alyce S; Prochaska, Judith J

Nicotine Tob Res. 2023 Jan 05;25(2):211-220.

PubMed abstract

The association between buprenorphine treatment duration and mortality: a multi-site cohort study of people who discontinued treatment

Buprenorphine is an effective medication for opioid use disorder that reduces mortality; however, many patients are not retained in buprenorphine treatment, and an optimal length of treatment after which patients can safely discontinue treatment has not b...
Author(s): Glanz, Jason M; Campbell, Cynthia I; et al.

Addiction. 2023 Jan;118(1):97-107. Epub 2022-07-23.

PubMed abstract

Walking the Benzodiazepine High Wire

The number of benzodiazepine (BZD) prescriptions has substantially increased over the past decade, leading to a parallel rise in rates of misuse and overdose. These increases have prompted the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to update its "boxed warning...
Author(s): Kroenke, Kurt; Hirschtritt, Matthew E

Psychiatr Serv. 2023 Jan 01;74(1):73-75. Epub 2022-11-02.

PubMed abstract

Evaluating Implementation and Outcomes of the Achieving Depression and Anxiety Patient-Centered Treatment Collaborative Care Program in a Large, Integrated Health Care System: A Mixed Methods Observational Study Protocol

Background Collaborative care is an evidence-based multidisciplinary model shown to improve patient depression and anxiety outcomes. Although there is robust literature showing the effectiveness of collaborative care on depression and anxiety symptoms, th...
Author(s): Ridout, Kathryn K; Ridout, Samuel J; Alavi, Mubarika; Koshy, Maria T; Harris, Brooke; Awsare, Sameer; Fazzolari, Lisa; Weisner, Constance M; Iturralde, Esti

Perm J. 2022 Dec 19;26(4):39-48. Epub 2022-11-10.

PubMed abstract

Electroconvulsive Therapy Anesthetic Choice and Clinical Outcomes

Etomidate and methohexital are the 2 commonly used anesthetics for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the United States. The objective of this study was to examine how anesthetic choice between etomidate and methohexital is associated with real-world clin...
Author(s): Li, Kevin J; Slama, Natalie E; Hirschtritt, Matthew E; Anshu, Prachi; Iturralde, Esti

J ECT. 2022 Dec 09.

PubMed abstract

A Novel Introduction to Transgender and Nonbinary Mental Health

Author(s): Frawley, Erin M; Norris, Ryan; Chen, Ingrid L; Hirschtritt, Matthew E

Acad Psychiatry. 2022 Dec;46(6):787-788. Epub 2022-05-03.

PubMed abstract

COVID-19 pandemic-related changes in utilization of telehealth and treatment overall for alcohol use problems

During the COVID-19 pandemic, specialty alcohol treatment transitioned rapidly to telehealth, which may have created barriers for some patients but increased access for others. This study evaluated the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on alcohol treatment ...
Author(s): Palzes, Vanessa A; Chi, Felicia W; Metz, Verena E; Campbell, Cynthia; Corriveau, Caroline; Sterling, Stacy

Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2022 Dec;46(12):2280-2291. Epub 2022-12-17.

PubMed abstract

The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on prenatal cannabis use by pre-conception depression and anxiety status

Author(s): Avalos, Lyndsay A; Ray, G Thomas; Alexeeff, Stacey E; Adams, Sara R; Does, Monique; Ansley, Deborah; Tucker, Lue-Yen; Conway, Amy; Ettenger, Allison; Goler, Nancy; Young-Wolff, Kelly C

J Affect Disord Rep. 2022 Dec;10:100432. Epub 2022-11-11.

PubMed abstract

Effectiveness of a pharmacist-delivered primary care telemedicine intervention to increase access to pharmacotherapy and specialty treatment for alcohol use problems: Protocol for the alcohol telemedicine consult cluster-randomized pragmatic trial

Alcohol use problems are associated with serious medical, mental health and socio-economic consequences. Yet even when patients are identified in healthcare settings, most do not receive treatment, and use of pharmacotherapy is rare. This study will test ...
Author(s): Metz, Verena E; Leibowitz, Amy; Satre, Derek D; Parthasarathy, Sujaya; Jackson-Morris, Melanie; Cocohoba, Jennifer; Sterling, Stacy A

Contemp Clin Trials. 2022 Dec;123:107004. Epub 2022-11-13.

PubMed abstract

Trends in Self-reported and Biochemically Verified Cocaine and Methamphetamine Use Among Pregnant Individuals in Northern California, 2011-2019

This cross-sectional study uses data from the Kaiser Permanente Northern California health care system with universal screening via self-report and urine toxicology at prenatal care entrance to examine trends in cocaine and methamphetamine use among pregn...
Author(s): Young-Wolff, Kelly C; Slama, Natalie E; Sarovar, Varada; Terplan, Mishka; Ansley, Deborah; Adams, Sara R; Alexeeff, Stacey E

JAMA Netw Open. 2022 Dec 01;5(12):e2248055. Epub 2022-12-01.

PubMed abstract