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Health Care Delivery Publications


Differences in Health Characteristics of Geographic Subgroups of Arab Americans in a Northern California Health Plan

Arab Americans are a diverse ethnic group originating from a large geographic area in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). We aim to characterize differences in health between Arab Americans from different geographic subgroups within MENA. We used cro...
Author(s): Abuelezam NN; El-Sayed AM; Galea S; Gordon NP

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2021 Jan 27.

PubMed abstract

Disclosure of New Type 2 Diabetes Diagnoses to Younger Adults: a Qualitative Study

Adults diagnosed with type 2 diabetes at a younger age are at increased risk for poor outcomes. Yet, little is known about the early experiences of these individuals, starting with communication of the diagnosis. Addressing this knowledge gap is important...
Author(s): Gopalan A; Blatchins MA; Altschuler A; Mishra P; Fakhouri I; Grant RW

J Gen Intern Med. 2021 Jan 26.

PubMed abstract

Reducing Readmissions for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Response to the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program

In August 2013, the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program (HRRP) announced financial penalties on hospitals with higher-than-expected risk-adjusted 30-day readmission rates for Medicare beneficiaries hospitalized for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
Author(s): Myers LC; Cash R; Liu VX; Camargo CA

Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2021 Jan 21.

PubMed abstract

Reappraising Medical Syntax-Does Race Belong in the First Line of the Patient History?

Author(s): Ikeme JC; Salazar JW; Grant RW

JAMA Intern Med. 2021 Jan 11.

PubMed abstract

Evaluation of Attention Switching and Duration of Electronic Inbox Work Among Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians (PCPs) report multitasking during workdays while processing electronic inbox messages, but scant systematic information exists on attention switching and its correlates in the health care setting. To describe PCPs' frequency of att...
Author(s): Lieu TA; Warton EM; East JA; Moeller MF; Prausnitz S; Ballesca M; Mark G; Akbar F; Awsare S; Chen YI; Reed ME

JAMA Netw Open. 2021 Jan 04;4(1):e2031856. Epub 2021-01-04.

PubMed abstract

Use of Machine Learning to Develop a Risk-Stratification Tool for Emergency Department Patients With Acute Heart Failure

We use variables from a recently derived acute heart failure risk-stratification rule (STRATIFY) as a basis to develop and optimize risk prediction using additional patient clinical data from electronic health records and machine-learning models. Using a ...
Author(s): Sax DR; Mark DG; Huang J; Sofrygin O; Rana JS; Collins SP; Storrow AB; Liu D; Reed ME

Ann Emerg Med. 2020 Dec 24.

PubMed abstract

Visual Outcomes After Cataract Surgery: Topical NSAID Prophylaxis Compared with Prednisolone

To compare visual outcomes in patients without a history of macula edema following phacoemulsification using combination topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) plus prednisolone with prednisolone alone SETTING:: Kaiser Permanente Northern Cal...
Author(s): Shorstein NH; Carolan J; Liu L; Alexeeff SE; Amsden LB; Herrinton LJ

J Cataract Refract Surg. 2020 Dec 09.

PubMed abstract

Sex-Based Differences Entangling With Electronic Health Record Documentation

Author(s): Claytor J; Grant RW

JAMA Intern Med. 2020 Dec 07.

PubMed abstract

The future of AI in critical care is augmented, not artificial, intelligence

Author(s): Liu VX

Crit Care. 2020 12 02;24(1):673. Epub 2020-12-02.

PubMed abstract

Use of Latent Class Analysis and k-Means Clustering to Identify Complex Patient Profiles

Medically complex patients are a heterogeneous group that contribute to a substantial proportion of health care costs. Coordinated efforts to improve care and reduce costs for this patient population have had limited success to date. To define distinct pa...
Author(s): Grant RW; McCloskey J; Hatfield M; Uratsu C; Ralston JD; Bayliss E; Kennedy CJ

JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Dec 01;3(12):e2029068. Epub 2020-12-01.

PubMed abstract

Automated Identification of Adults at Risk for In-Hospital Clinical Deterioration

Hospitalized adults whose condition deteriorates while they are in wards (outside the intensive care unit [ICU]) have considerable morbidity and mortality. Early identification of patients at risk for clinical deterioration has relied on manually calculat...
Author(s): Escobar GJ; Liu VX; Schuler A; Lawson B; Greene JD; Kipnis P

N Engl J Med. 2020 11 12;383(20):1951-1960.

PubMed abstract

Expanding Post-discharge Readmission Metrics in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common and costly reason for hospitalization and rehospitalization. The Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program penalizes hospitals for excess, non-elective, all-cause 30-day, inpatient rehospitalizations ...
Author(s): Myers LC; Camargo C; Escobar G; Liu VX

Chronic Obstr Pulm Dis. 2020 Nov 06.

PubMed abstract

Racial-ethnic differences in prevalence of social determinants of health and social risks among middle-aged and older adults in a Northern California health plan

Social determinants of health (SDoHs) and social risks (SRs) have been associated with adverse health and healthcare utilization and racial/ethnic disparities. However, there is limited information about the prevalence of SRs in non-"safety net" adult pop...
Author(s): Gordon NP; Banegas MP; Tucker-Seeley RD

PLoS One. 2020;15(11):e0240822. Epub 2020-11-04.

PubMed abstract

Presentation of Rash in a Community-Based Health System

Coordination of care between primary care providers and dermatologists is important to ensure high quality and cost efficiency. In our integrated care setting, we used a retrospective cohort study to assess which patients self-refer to dermatology and whi...
Author(s): Dusendang JR; Marwaha S; Alexeeff SE; Herrinton LJ

Perm J. 2020 Nov;24:1-4.

PubMed abstract


Increasing numbers of delivering women experience major morbidity and mortality. Limited work has been done on automated predictive models that could be used for prevention. Using only routinely collected obstetric data, we aimed to develop a predictive m...
Author(s): Escobar GJ; Soltesz L; Schuler A; Niki H; Malenica I; Lee C

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020 Oct 21.

PubMed abstract

Intraocular Pressure Reduction After Phacoemulsification: A Matched Cohort Study

Phacoemulsification has been linked to lowered intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with glaucoma, ocular hypertension, anatomic narrow angles, and in glaucoma suspects (henceforth, "glaucoma"), but the reported magnitude of change has varied. Retrospec...
Author(s): Carolan JA; Liu L; Alexeeff SE; Amsden LB; Shorstein NH; Herrinton LJ

Ophthalmol Glaucoma. 2020 Oct 09.

PubMed abstract

Understanding the Uptake of Digital Technologies for Health-Related Purposes in Frail Older Adults

Author(s): Lee DR; Lo JC; Ramalingam N; Gordon NP

J Am Geriatr Soc. 2020 Oct 03.

PubMed abstract

Assessment of Value of Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status in Models That Use Electronic Health Record Data to Predict Health Care Use Rates and Mortality

Prediction models are widely used in health care as a way of risk stratifying populations for targeted intervention. Most risk stratification has been done using a small number of predictors from insurance claims. However, the utility of diverse nonclinic...
Author(s): Schuler A; O'Súilleabháin L; Rinetti-Vargas G; Kipnis P; Barreda F; Liu VX; Sofrygin O; Escobar GJ

JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Oct 01;3(10):e2017109. Epub 2020-10-01.

PubMed abstract

Estimates of Workload Associated With Suicide Risk Alerts After Implementation of Risk-Prediction Model

Author(s): Kline-Simon AH; Sterling S; Young-Wolff K; Simon G; Lu Y; Does M; Liu V

JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Oct 01;3(10):e2021189. Epub 2020-10-01.

PubMed abstract

A Randomized Encouragement Trial to Increase Mail Order Pharmacy Use and Medication Adherence in Patients with Diabetes

Mail order pharmacy (MOP) use has been linked to improved medication adherence and health outcomes among patients with diabetes. However, no large-scale intervention studies have assessed the effect of encouraging MOP use on medication adherence. To asses...
Author(s): Ramachandran B; Neugebauer RS; Karter AJ; Schmittdiel JA; et al.

J Gen Intern Med. 2020 Oct 01.

PubMed abstract

Inpatient-outpatient shared electronic health records: telemedicine and laboratory follow-up after hospital discharge

Continuity of patient information across settings can improve transitions after hospital discharge, but outpatient clinicians often have limited access to complete information from recent hospitalizations. We examined whether providers' timely access to c...
Author(s): Reed M; Huang J; Brand R; Graetz I; Jaffe MG; Ballard D; Neugebauer R; Fireman B; Hsu J

Am J Manag Care. 2020 Oct 01;26(10):e327-e332. Epub 2020-10-01.

PubMed abstract

Examining if the relationship between BMI and incident type 2 diabetes among middle-older aged adults varies by race/ethnicity: evidence from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA).

AIMS: Disparities persist on the prevalence of undiagnosed type 2 diabetes in racial/ethnic minorities in the USA. This study evaluated the association between BMI and incident type 2 diabetes risk by racial/ethnic group, to determine whether BMI and pres...
Author(s): Rodriguez LA; Bradshaw PT; Shiboski SC; Fernandez A; Vittinghoff E; Herrington D; Ding J; Kanaya AM

Diabet Med. 2020 Aug 4:e14377. doi: 10.1111/dme.14377.

PubMed abstract

Endometrial Cancer Detection During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic

Author(s): Suh-Burgmann EJ; Alavi M; Schmittdiel J

Obstet Gynecol. 2020 Jul 21.

PubMed abstract

Diabetes and cardiovascular disease mortality among a population-based cohort of women with and without breast cancer.

PURPOSE: We investigated whether the relationship between diabetes and all-cause and CVD-related mortality differed between women with and without breast cancer among a cohort drawn from the same source population. METHODS: We interviewed 1,363 women newl...
Author(s): Rodriguez LA; Bradshaw PT; Parada H; Khankari NK; Wang T; Cleveland RJ; Teitelbaum SL; Neugut AI; Gammon MD

Cancer Causes Control. 2020 May;31(5):517-524. doi: 10.1007/s10552-020-01292-2. Epub 2020 Mar 7.

PubMed abstract

Design of a cluster-randomized trial of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of metformin on prevention of type 2 diabetes among prediabetic Mexican adults (the PRuDENTE initiative of Mexico City).

INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a global epidemic, and nations are struggling to implement effective healthcare strategies to reduce the burden. While efficacy studies demonstrate that metformin can reduce incident T2D by half among younger, obese ...
Author(s): Rodriguez LA; Schillinger D; et al.

Contemp Clin Trials. 2020 Aug;95:106067. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2020.106067. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

PubMed abstract