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Health Care Delivery Publications


Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors vs Sulfonylureas: The Price of Prevention

Author(s): Guduguntla V; Grant RW

JAMA Intern Med. 2021 Jun 28.

PubMed abstract

Racial/ethnic, gender, and age group differences in cardiometabolic risks among adults in a Northern California health plan: a cross-sectional study

In the U.S., the prevalence of diabetes and hypertension are higher among African American/Black (Black), Latinx, and Filipino adults than non-Hispanic White (White) and Chinese adults. We compared the racial/ethnic-specific prevalence of several modifiab...
Author(s): Gordon NP; Hsueh L

BMC Public Health. 2021 06 25;21(1):1227. Epub 2021-06-25.

PubMed abstract

Epidemiologic Analysis of Chilblains Cohorts Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Beginning in March 2020, case reports and case series linked the COVID-19 pandemic with an increased occurrence of chilblains, but this association has not been evaluated in an epidemiologic study. To assess whether a correlation exists between COVID-19 i...
Author(s): McCleskey PE; Herrinton LJ; et al.

JAMA Dermatol. 2021 Jun 23.

PubMed abstract

The Epic Sepsis Model Falls Short-The Importance of External Validation

Author(s): Habib AR; Lin AL; Grant RW

JAMA Intern Med. 2021 Jun 21.

PubMed abstract

Volume Matters: Longitudinal Retrospective Cohort Study of Outcomes Following Consultation and Standardization of Adrenal Surgery

Subspecialization of adrenal surgery through regionalization has not been adequately evaluated. We assessed implementation of subspecialization and the association of regionalization with adrenalectomy outcomes in a community-based setting. In this longit...
Author(s): Rahbari R; Herrinton LJ; et al.

Ann Surg Oncol. 2021 Jun 17.

PubMed abstract

Understanding differences within ethnic group designation: comparing risk factors and health indicators between Iranian and Arab Americans in Northern California

The Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) ethnic group is a diverse group composed of two primary subsets in the United States: Iranian and Arab Americans. We aimed to compare health risk factors, chronic health conditions, and mental health conditions ...
Author(s): Abuelezam NN; El-Sayed A; Galea S; Gordon NP

BMC Public Health. 2021 06 05;21(1):1074. Epub 2021-06-05.

PubMed abstract

Association of Positive Fluid Balance at Discharge After Sepsis Management With 30-Day Readmission

Although early fluid administration has been shown to lower sepsis mortality, positive fluid balance has been associated with adverse outcomes. Little is known about associations in non-intensive care unit settings, with growing concern about readmission ...
Author(s): Yoo MS; Liu VX; et al.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021 Jun 01;4(6):e216105. Epub 2021-06-01.

PubMed abstract

Pediatric Surgeons' Adoption of an Innovative Laparoscopic Technique for Inguinal Hernia Repair: A Mixed Methods Study

Purpose:We studied adoption of an innovative laparoscopic technique for pediatric inguinal hernia repair by pediatric surgeons and pediatric urologists following dissemination of evidence for its benefits. Methods:This mixed methods study included childre...
Author(s): Altschuler A; Chong AJ; Alavi M; Herrinton LJ

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2021 May 27.

PubMed abstract

Visit Content Analysis: Doctor-Patient Communication in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

The primary care visit is an important opportunity to discuss and modify diabetes management. To gain insight into doctor-patient communication during primary care visits among English and Spanish speaking patients with type 2 diabetes and suboptimal glyc...
Author(s): Abdelgadir DA; Rodriguez LM; Blatchins MA; Mishra P; Gopalan A; Grant RW

Perm J. 2021 May;25.

PubMed abstract

Regionalization of Acute Myeloid Leukemia Treatment in a Community-Based Population: Implementation and Early Results

Regionalization of care for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has not been described for community-based settings. In 2015, we shifted AML induction from 21 local centers to 3 regional centers. Using time-specific inception cohorts, we assessed whether regiona...
Author(s): Law LY; Uong SP; Vempaty HT; Nguyen VH; Baer D; Liu VX; Herrinton LJ

Perm J. 2021 May;25.

PubMed abstract


Author(s): Escobar GJ; Schuler A; Lee C

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2021 Apr 22.

PubMed abstract

Influence of patient immigrant status on physician trainee diabetes treatment decisions: a virtual patient experimental study

To determine the effect of patient immigrant status on physician trainees' diabetes treatment decisions. Participants were 140 physician trainees ('providers'). Providers viewed videos and vignettes of virtual patients differing in immigrant status (born ...
Author(s): Hsueh L; Hirsh AT; Zapolski T; de Groot M; Mather KJ; Stewart JC

J Behav Med. 2021 Apr 16.

PubMed abstract

Health Risks and Chronic Health Conditions among Arab American and White Adults in Northern California

To characterize the prevalence of chronic cardiovascular conditions and risk factors among Arab American adults stratified by sex and compare these with non-Hispanic Whites. Cross-sectional study using electronic health record data from visits between Jan...
Author(s): Abuelezam NN; El-Sayed AM; Galea S; Gordon NP

Ethn Dis. 2021 Spring;31(2):235-242. Epub 2021-04-15.

PubMed abstract

Is Shelter-in-Place Policy Related to Mail Order Pharmacy Use and Racial/Ethnic Disparities for Patients With Diabetes?

Author(s): Thomas TW; Dyer WT; Yassin M; Neugebauer R; Karter AJ; Schmittdiel JA

Diabetes Care. 2021 Apr 13.

PubMed abstract

Did the 2015 USPSTF Abnormal Blood Glucose Recommendations Change Clinician Attitudes or Behaviors? A Mixed-Method Assessment

In 2015, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) revised clinical recommendations to more broadly recommend abnormal blood glucose screening and more clearly recommend referral to behavioral interventions for adults with prediabetes. To assess the ...
Author(s): Thomas TW; Golin CE; Kinlaw AC; Kirkman MS; Golden SD; Lightfoot AF; Samuel-Hodge CD

J Gen Intern Med. 2021 Apr 07.

PubMed abstract

The effect of mail order pharmacy outreach on older patients with diabetes

Author(s): Gong C; Dyer W; Yassin M; Neugebauer R; Karter AJ; Schmittdiel JA

J Am Geriatr Soc. 2021 Mar 26.

PubMed abstract

Ten-Year Follow-up of Persons With Sun-Damaged Skin Associated With Subsequent Development of Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Risk of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) after the diagnosis of actinic keratosis (AK) has not been studied during long follow-up periods. To estimate the risk up to 10 years and identify risk factors for cSCC development. This longitudinal cohort...
Author(s): Madani S; Marwaha S; Dusendang JR; Alexeeff S; Pham N; Chen EH; Han S; Herrinton LJ

JAMA Dermatol. 2021 Mar 24.

PubMed abstract

Patient e-Visit Use and Outcomes for Common Symptoms in an Integrated Health Care Delivery System

Author(s): Bhargava R; Gayre G; Huang J; Sievers E; Reed M

JAMA Netw Open. 2021 Mar 01;4(3):e212174. Epub 2021-03-01.

PubMed abstract

The Presentation, Pace, and Profile of Infection and Sepsis Patients Hospitalized Through the Emergency Department: An Exploratory Analysis

To characterize the signs and symptoms of sepsis, compare them with those from simple infection and other emergent conditions and evaluate their association with hospital outcomes. A multicenter, retrospective cohort study of 408,377 patients hospitalized...
Author(s): Liu VX; Bhimarao M; Greene JD; Manickam RN; Martinez A; Schuler A; Barreda F; Escobar GJ

Crit Care Explor. 2021 Mar;3(3):e0344. Epub 2021-02-24.

PubMed abstract

Racial Disparities in COVID-19 Testing and Outcomes : Retrospective Cohort Study in an Integrated Health System

Racial disparities exist in outcomes after severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. To evaluate the contribution of race/ethnicity in SARS-CoV-2 testing, infection, and outcomes. Retrospective cohort study (1 February 2020 t...
Author(s): Escobar GJ; Adams AS; Liu VX; Soltesz L; Chen YI; Parodi SM; Ray GT; Myers LC; Ramaprasad CM; Dlott R; Lee C

Ann Intern Med. 2021 Feb 09.

PubMed abstract

Automated Identification of Adults at Risk for In-Hospital Clinical Deterioration. Reply

Author(s): Escobar GJ; Liu VX; Kipnis P

N Engl J Med. 2021 02 04;384(5):486.

PubMed abstract

Differences in Health Characteristics of Geographic Subgroups of Arab Americans in a Northern California Health Plan

Arab Americans are a diverse ethnic group originating from a large geographic area in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). We aim to characterize differences in health between Arab Americans from different geographic subgroups within MENA. We used cro...
Author(s): Abuelezam NN; El-Sayed AM; Galea S; Gordon NP

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2021 Jan 27.

PubMed abstract

Disclosure of New Type 2 Diabetes Diagnoses to Younger Adults: a Qualitative Study

Adults diagnosed with type 2 diabetes at a younger age are at increased risk for poor outcomes. Yet, little is known about the early experiences of these individuals, starting with communication of the diagnosis. Addressing this knowledge gap is important...
Author(s): Gopalan A; Blatchins MA; Altschuler A; Mishra P; Fakhouri I; Grant RW

J Gen Intern Med. 2021 Jan 26.

PubMed abstract

Reducing Readmissions for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Response to the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program

In August 2013, the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program (HRRP) announced financial penalties on hospitals with higher-than-expected risk-adjusted 30-day readmission rates for Medicare beneficiaries hospitalized for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
Author(s): Myers LC; Cash R; Liu VX; Camargo CA

Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2021 Jan 21.

PubMed abstract

Reappraising Medical Syntax-Does Race Belong in the First Line of the Patient History?

Author(s): Ikeme JC; Salazar JW; Grant RW

JAMA Intern Med. 2021 Jan 11.

PubMed abstract