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Infectious Diseases Publications


COVID-19 vaccination protects children and adolescents

Author(s): Irving, Stephanie A; Klein, Nicola P

Lancet Infect Dis. 2023 Jan;23(1):5-6. Epub 2022-09-09.

PubMed abstract

All Older Adults Benefit From Pneumococcal Vaccinations-The Case for Evaluating Vaccine Effectiveness Using All-Cause Pneumonia

Author(s): Hsiao, Amber; Klein, Nicola P

JAMA Intern Med. 2023 Jan 01;183(1):48-49.

PubMed abstract

Incidence of Myocarditis/Pericarditis Following mRNA COVID-19 Vaccination Among Children and Younger Adults in the United States

Author(s): Goddard, Kristin; Hanson, Kayla E; Lewis, Ned; Weintraub, Eric; Fireman, Bruce; Klein, Nicola P

Ann Intern Med. 2022 Dec;175(12):1169-1771. Epub 2022-10-04.

PubMed abstract

Safety of 9-valent human papillomavirus vaccine administered to males and females in routine use

The nine-valent human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV9, Gardasil®9) was licensed in the USA in December 2014. This study was a multiyear post-licensure study to assess HPV9 safety following routine administration. This retrospective cohort study compared the ...
Author(s): Hansen, John; Yee, Arnold; Lewis, Ned; Li, Se; Velicer, Christine; Saddier, Patricia; Klein, Nicola P

Vaccine. 2022 Nov 14.

PubMed abstract

Retrospective cohort study to assess the association between treatment with tocilizumab and mortality among mechanically ventilated patients with COVID-19

Assess the association between tocilizumab administration and clinical outcomes among mechanically ventilated patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. Retrospective cohort study. Large integrated health system with 9 million members in California, USA. 4185 Kais...
Author(s): Skarbinski, Jacek; Yau, Vincent M; Tartof, Sara Y; et al.

BMJ Open. 2022 10 31;12(10):e060358. Epub 2022-10-31.

PubMed abstract

Maternal SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination and Infant Protection Against SARS-CoV-2 During the First 6 Months of Life

We examined the effectiveness of maternal vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 infection in 30,288 infants born at Kaiser Permanente Northern California from December 15, 2020, to May 31, 2022. Using Cox regression, the effectiveness of maternal vaccination was...
Author(s): Zerbo, Ousseny; Ray, G Thomas; Fireman, Bruce; Layefsky, Evan; Goddard, Kristin; Lewis, Edwin; Ross, Pat; Omer, Saad; Greenberg, Mara; Klein, Nicola

Res Sq. 2022 Oct 18.

PubMed abstract

Variation in Heart Failure Risk by HIV Severity and Sex in People With HIV Infection

HIV is an independent risk factor for heart failure (HF). However, the association of HIV severity with incident HF and the potential interaction with sex are incompletely understood. Integrated health care system. We conducted a cohort study of people wi...
Author(s): Lam, Jennifer O; Avula, Harshith R; Silverberg, Michael J; Silverberg, Michael J; et al.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2022 Oct 01;91(2):175-181.

PubMed abstract

Risk of myocarditis and pericarditis following BNT162b2 and mRNA-1273 COVID-19 vaccination

Evidence indicates that mRNA COVID-19 vaccination is associated with risk of myocarditis and possibly pericarditis, especially in young males. It is not clear if risk differs between mRNA-1273 versus BNT162b2. We assessed if risk differs using comprehensi...
Author(s): Goddard, Kristin; Weintraub, Eric; Boyce, Thomas G; Klein, Nicola P; et al.

Vaccine. 2022 Aug 19;40(35):5153-5159. Epub 2022-07-12.

PubMed abstract

Lessons from a mature acellular pertussis vaccination program and strategies to overcome suboptimal vaccine effectiveness

Despite high vaccination coverage among children and adolescents, pertussis remains a public health problem, with large outbreaks occurring periodically in the US and other developed countries. We examine lessons learned more than 20 years after implement...
Author(s): Zerbo, Ousseny; Fireman, Bruce; Klein, Nicola P

Expert Rev Vaccines. 2022 07;21(7):899-907. Epub 2021-10-08.

PubMed abstract

Safety of Live-Attenuated Vaccines in Children Exposed to Biologic Response Modifiers in Utero

Author(s): Zerbo, Ousseny; Klein, Nicola P; et al.

Pediatrics. 2022 07 01;150(1).

PubMed abstract

Age group differences in substance use, social support, and physical and mental health concerns among people living with HIV two years after receiving primary care-based alcohol treatment

Objectives: People living with HIV (PWH) have seen reduction in HIV-associated morbidity and increase in near-normal life expectancy, yet unhealthy alcohol use poses substantial risks to older as well as younger adults. Further research regarding age-asso...
Author(s): Satre, Derek D; Sarovar, Varada; Leyden, Wendy A; Leibowitz, Amy S; Lam, Jennifer O; Hojilla, J Carlo; Davy-Mendez, Thibaut; Hare, Charles B; Silverberg, Michael J

Aging Ment Health. 2022 Jun 29:1-9.

PubMed abstract

Risk of severe clinical outcomes among persons with SARS-CoV-2 infection with differing levels of vaccination during widespread Omicron (B.1.1.529) and Delta (B.1.617.2) variant circulation in Northern California: A retrospective cohort study

The incidence of and risk factors for severe clinical outcomes with the Omicron (B.1.1.529) SARS-CoV-2 variant have not been well-defined. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to assess risks of severe clinical outcomes within 21 days after SARS-CoV-...
Author(s): Skarbinski, Jacek; Wood, Mariah S; Chervo, Tyler C; Schapiro, Jeffrey M; Elkin, Eric P; Valice, Emily; Amsden, Laura B; Hsiao, Crystal; Quesenberry, Charles; Corley, Douglas A; Kushi, Lawrence H

Lancet Reg Health Am. 2022 Jun 16:100297.

PubMed abstract

Myocarditis or Pericarditis Following mRNA COVID-19 Vaccination

Author(s): Weintraub, Eric S; Oster, Matthew E; Klein, Nicola P

JAMA Netw Open. 2022 Jun 01;5(6):e2218512. Epub 2022-06-01.

PubMed abstract

Mission, Organization, and Future Direction of the Serological Sciences Network for COVID-19 (SeroNet) Epidemiologic Cohort Studies

Global efforts are needed to elucidate the epidemiology of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the underlying cause of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), including seroprevalence, risk factors, and long-term sequelae, as well a...
Author(s): Figueiredo, Jane C; Nembhard, Wendy N; Zohoori, Namvar; Skarbinski, Jacek; et al.

Open Forum Infect Dis. 2022 Jun;9(6):ofac171. Epub 2022-04-27.

PubMed abstract

Safety of measles and pertussis-containing vaccines in children with autism spectrum disorders

To determine whether children aged 4-7 years with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) were at increased risk of fever, febrile seizures, or emergency department (ED) visits following measles- or pertussis-containing vaccines compared with child...
Author(s): Zerbo, Ousseny; Daley, Matthew F; Klein, Nicola P; et al.

Vaccine. 2022 04 20;40(18):2568-2573. Epub 2022-03-18.

PubMed abstract

Incidence of Guillain-Barré Syndrome After COVID-19 Vaccination in the Vaccine Safety Datalink

Postauthorization monitoring of vaccines in a large population may detect rare adverse events not identified in clinical trials such as Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), which has a background rate of 1 to 2 per 100 000 person-years. To describe cases and in...
Author(s): Hanson, Kayla E; Myers, Tanya R; Klein, Nicola P; et al.

JAMA Netw Open. 2022 Apr 01;5(4):e228879. Epub 2022-04-01.

PubMed abstract

Added Benefit of Covid-19 Vaccination after Previous Infection

Author(s): Klein, Nicola P

N Engl J Med. 2022 03 31;386(13):1278-1279.

PubMed abstract

Effectiveness of COVID-19 Pfizer-BioNTech BNT162b2 mRNA Vaccination in Preventing COVID-19-Associated Emergency Department and Urgent Care Encounters and Hospitalizations Among Nonimmunocompromised Children and Adolescents Aged 5-17 Years - VISION Network, 10 States, April 2021-January 2022

The efficacy of the BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) vaccine against laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 exceeded 90% in clinical trials that included children and adolescents aged 5-11, 12-15, and 16-17 years (1-3). Limited real-world data on 2-dose mRNA vaccine eff...
Author(s): Klein, Nicola P; Griggs, Eric P; Reynolds, Sue; Verani, Jennifer R; et al.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Mar 04;71(9):352-358. Epub 2022-03-04.

PubMed abstract

Incidence and Estimated Vaccine Effectiveness Against Hospitalizations for All-Cause Pneumonia Among Older US Adults Who Were Vaccinated and Not Vaccinated With 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine

Following routine use of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) in children in 2010, invasive pneumococcal disease rates have decreased substantially in children and adults. In 2014, the Advisory Committee for Immunization Practices recommended ...
Author(s): Hsiao, Amber; Hansen, John; Timbol, Julius; Lewis, Ned; Isturiz, Raul; Alexander-Parrish, Ronika; McLaughlin, John M; Gessner, Bradford D; Klein, Nicola P

JAMA Netw Open. 2022 03 01;5(3):e221111. Epub 2022-03-01.

PubMed abstract

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and Variation in Heart Failure Risk by Age, Sex, and Ethnicity: The HIV HEART Study

To evaluate the risk of heart failure (HF) linked to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, how risk varies by demographic characteristics, and whether it is explained by atherosclerotic disease or risk factor treatment. We performed a retrospectiv...
Author(s): Go, Alan S; Sung, Sue Hee; Silverberg, Michael J; et al.

Mayo Clin Proc. 2022 03;97(3):465-479. Epub 2021-12-13.

PubMed abstract

Comparison of dementia incidence and prevalence between individuals with and without HIV infection in primary care from 2000 to 2016

To compare dementia incidence and prevalence after age 50 years by HIV status. Observational cohort, 2000-2016. People with HIV (PWH) on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and demographically similar people without HIV (PWoH), all aged 50 years and older, were ...
Author(s): Lam, Jennifer O; Lee, Catherine; Gilsanz, Paola; Hou, Craig E; Leyden, Wendy A; Satre, Derek D; Flamm, Jason A; Towner, William J; Horberg, Michael A; Silverberg, Michael J

AIDS. 2022 03 01;36(3):437-445.

PubMed abstract

Safety of recombinant quadrivalent influenza vaccine compared to inactivated influenza vaccine in Chinese adults: An observational study

Recombinant influenza vaccine (RIV) has been in use in US adults since 2013. This study evaluated the safety of quadrivalent recombinant influenza vaccine (RIV4, Flublok® Quadrivalent, Sanofi Pasteur) compared with standard-dose quadrivalent inactivated i...
Author(s): Hsiao, Amber; Hansen, John; Nunley, Karen Valdez; Lewis, Ned; Selmani, Alex; Inamdar, Ajinkya; Mallett-Moore, Tamala; Izikson, Ruvim; Rudin, Deborah; Klein, Nicola P

Vaccine. 2022 01 31;40(5):774-779. Epub 2022-01-06.

PubMed abstract

Population-based assessment of risks for severe COVID-19 disease outcomes

Among approximately 4.6 million members of Kaiser Permanente Northern California, we examined associations of severe COVID-19 with demographic factors and comorbidities. As of July 23, 2021, 16 182 had been hospitalized, 2416 admitted to an ICU, and 1525 ...
Author(s): Zerbo, Ousseny; Lewis, Ned; Fireman, Bruce; Goddard, Kristin; Skarbinski, Jacek; Sejvar, James J; Azziz-Baumgartner, Eduardo; Klein, Nicola P

Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2022 01;16(1):159-165. Epub 2021-08-25.

PubMed abstract

Cancer in people with and without hepatitis C virus infection: comparison of risk before and after introduction of direct-acting antivirals

Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a leading cause of liver cancer. The association of HCV infection with extrahepatic cancers, and the impact of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatment on these cancers, is less well known. We conducted a cohort...
Author(s): Lam, Jennifer O; Champsi, Jamila H; Silverberg, Michael J; et al.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2021 12;30(12):2188-2196. Epub 2021-09-28.

PubMed abstract

Surveillance for Adverse Events After COVID-19 mRNA Vaccination

Safety surveillance of vaccines against COVID-19 is critical to ensure safety, maintain trust, and inform policy. To monitor 23 serious outcomes weekly, using comprehensive health records on a diverse population. This study represents an interim analysis ...
Author(s): Klein, Nicola P; Zerbo, Ousseny; Hanson, Kayla E; Weintraub, Eric S; et al.

JAMA. 2021 10 12;326(14):1390-1399.

PubMed abstract