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A common IGF1R gene variant predicts later life breast cancer risk in women with preeclampsia

Preeclampsia has been inconsistently associated with altered later life risk of cancer. This study utilizes the Nurses’ Health Study 2 (NHS2) to determine if the future risk of breast and non-breast cancers in women who experience preeclampsia is modified by carrying a protective variant of rs2016347, a functional insulin-like growth factor receptor-1 (IGF1R) single nucleotide polymorphism. This retrospective cohort study completed within the NHS2 evaluated participants enrolled in 1989 and followed them through 2015, with a study population of 86,751 after exclusions. Cox proportional hazards models both with and without the impact of rs2016347 genotype were used to assess the risk of invasive breast cancer, hormone receptor-positive (HR+) breast cancer, and non-breast cancers. Women with preeclampsia had no change in risk of all breast, HR+?breast, or non-breast cancers when not considering genotype. However, women carrying at least one T allele of rs2016347 had a lower risk of HR+?breast cancer, HR�0.67, 95% CI: 0.47-0.97, P?=?0.04, with interaction term P?=?0.06. For non-breast cancers as a group, women carrying a T allele had an HR�0.76, 95% CI: 0.53-1.08, P?=?0.12, with interaction term P?=?0.26. This retrospective cohort study found that women with preeclampsia who carry a T allele of IGF1R rs2016347 had a reduced future risk of developing HR+?breast cancer, and a reduced but not statistically significant decreased risk of non-breast cancers suggesting a possible role for the IGF-1 axis in the development of cancer in these women.

Authors: Powell, Mark; Fuller, Sophia; Gunderson, Erica; Benz, Christopher

Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2023 Jan;197(1):149-159. Epub 2022-11-04.

PubMed abstract

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