Introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs), including the 13-valent PCV (PCV13), has considerably reduced pneumococcal disease burden. However, additional serotypes not in PCV13 continue to present a substantial disease burden. The 20-valent PCV (PCV20) was developed to expand protection against pneumococcal disease beyond PCV13. As part of the phase 3 clinical development program, the current study assessed consistency of immune responses across 3 lots of PCV20 and described the safety profile of PCV20. This phase 3, randomized, multicenter, double-blind study of pneumococcal vaccine-naive adults 18-49 years of age randomized 1710 participants in a 2:2:2:1 ratio to receive 1 of 3 lots of PCV20 or PCV13. Immunogenicity was assessed through serotype-specific opsonophagocytic activity (OPA) titers before and approximately 1 month (28-42 days) after vaccination. Reported local reactions within 10 days, systemic events within 7 days, adverse events (AEs) within 30 days, and serious AEs (SAEs) and newly diagnosed chronic medical conditions (NDCMCs) within 6 months after vaccination were evaluated. Equivalence in immune responses (OPA geometric mean titers) for all 20 vaccine serotypes was demonstrated across the 3 PCV20 lots. Robust responses, assessed by OPA geometric mean fold rises, percentage of participants achieving ≥4-fold rises, and percentage of participants with OPA titers ≥lower limit of quantitation, were observed after PCV20. Reported rates of local reactions, systemic events, and AEs were similar between the pooled PCV20 lots and PCV13; most events were mild or moderate. Reported rates of SAEs and NDCMCs were low and similar between the PCV20 and PCV13 groups. Three different lots of PCV20 demonstrated robust and consistent immunogenicity. The safety and tolerability of PCV20 was acceptable and similar to that of PCV13. (Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT03828617).