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Aerobic exercise training and general health status in ambulatory heart failure patients with a reduced ejection fraction-Findings from the Heart Failure and A Controlled Trial Investigating Outcomes of Exercise Training (HF-ACTION)trial.

BACKGROUND: Although aerobic exercise improves quality of life as assessed by a disease-specific instrument in ambulatory HF patients with a reduced ejection fraction (EF), the impact of an exercise intervention on general health status has not been previously reported.METHODS: A secondary analysis was performed of the HF-ACTION trial ( Number: NCT00047437), which enrolled 2331 medically stable outpatients with HF and an EF ≤35% and randomized them to aerobic exercise training, consisting of 36 supervised sessions followed by home-based training versus usual care for a median follow-up of 30 months. The EuroQOL 5-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D) was administered to study participants at baseline, 3 months, and 12 months. EQ-5D includes functional dimensions (ie, mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression), which were mapped to corresponding utility scores (ie, 0=death and 1=perfect health), and a visual analogue scale (VAS) ranging from 0 (ie, "worst imaginable health state") to 100 (ie, "best imaginable health state").RESULTS: Study participants had a median (25th, 75th) age of 59 (51, 68) years and 71% were male. A history of ischemic heart disease was reported in 51% of participants and the EF was 25% (20%, 30%). Baseline VAS and mapped utility scores were 65±19 and 0.81±0.14. Exercise training led to an improvement in VAS score compared with usual care from baseline to 3 months (exercise training: 6±17 vs usual care: 3±20; P < .0001) and VAS scores (HR 1.05 per 10 point decrease, 95% CI 1.02-1.08; P < .01) at baseline were associated with increased risk of death or hospitalization.CONCLUSION: Ambulatory HF patients with a reduced EF had impaired health status at baseline which was associated with increased morbidity and mortality, in part mitigated by a structured aerobic exercise regimen.

Authors: Ambrosy, Andrew P AP; Cerbin, Lukasz P LP; DeVore, Adam D AD; Greene, Stephen J SJ; Kraus, William E WE; O'Connor, Christopher M CM; Piña, Ileana L IL; Whellan, David J DJ; Wojdyla, Daniel D; Wu, Angie A; Mentz, Robert J RJ

American heart journal. 2017 Apr 01;186(1):130-138. Epub 2017-01-19.

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