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Anti-Müllerian hormone levels and breast cancer risk in the study of women’s health across the nation

The relation of premenopausal anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels with breast cancer risk has been evaluated in a few studies, but primarily in non-Hispanic White women. We evaluated the association of AMH levels with breast cancer risk in Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation (SWAN), a multi-ethnic cohort of women. At enrollment, participants had an intact uterus and ≥ 1 ovary, and ≥ 1 menstrual period in the last 3 months. AMH at first measurement was assessed in 1,529 pre- or perimenopausal women using a high-sensitivity ELISA assay; values were natural log transformed. Breast cancer diagnoses were assessed at enrollment and subsequent follow-up visits through 2018 (median 6.1 years). In total, 84 women reported an incident breast cancer diagnosis. In multivariable Cox regression models adjusting for age, race and ethnicity, body mass index, and other factors, higher AMH levels were associated with a non-significant increased breast cancer risk. Compared to women in the 1st quartile, the hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) for women in the 4th quartile was 1.77 (0.87-3.60). Our results did not suggest a significant association between AMH and breast cancer risk; however, estimates were consistent with prior studies that reported positive associations.

Authors: Grimes, Nydjie P; Bertone-Johnson, Elizabeth R; Whitcomb, Brian W; Sievert, Lynnette L; Crawford, Sybil L; Gold, Ellen B; Avis, Nancy E; Greendale, Gail A; Santoro, Nanette; Habel, Laurel A; Reeves, Katherine W

Cancer Causes Control. 2022 Aug;33(8):1039-1046. Epub 2022-06-29.

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