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Bilateral Tubal Pregnancies Presenting 11 Days Apart: A Case Report

Ectopic pregnancy is the most common cause of maternal mortality in the first trimester. Bilateral tubal pregnancy is the rarest subset with an estimated incidence of one in 725 to 1,580 ectopic pregnancies. Of the cases of bilateral tubal pregnancy reported in the literature, most were associated with the use of assisted reproductive techniques. Here we present the case of a patient, without a prior history of reproductive technology use, who underwent treatment for a tubal pregnancy and was subsequently found to have a second, contralateral tubal pregnancy 11 days later. A 35-year-old female gravida eight para two with a history of left tubal pregnancy and salpingectomy 11 days prior, presented to the emergency department (ED) with two days of left lower and upper quadrant abdominal pain. The patient’s last menstrual period had been several months prior. A physical examination revealed left lower quadrant abdominal tenderness, rebound, guarding, and left adnexal tenderness. Her vital signs were unremarkable, and her laboratory studies revealed normal white blood cell and hemoglobin values. Her human chorionic gonadotropin had tripled from her last presentation 11 days prior. Transvaginal ultrasound showed a possible ectopic pregnancy adjacent to the right ovary. She promptly underwent a right salpingectomy. Pathology findings confirmed a tubal pregnancy, and the patient’s postoperative course was uneventful. This case highlights the importance of maintaining a high index of suspicion for ectopic pregnancy in all biologically female patients of reproductive age who present to the ED with abdominal pain.

Authors: Farshidpour, Leyla S; Vinson, David R; Durant, Edward J

Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med. 2023 Feb;7(1):11-15.

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