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Candidate genes for respiratory disease associated with markers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction in elderly men

​BACKGROUND:Inflammation and endothelial dysfunction are important risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). We hypothesized that candidate genes selected for a study of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) are associated with markers of systemic inflammation and endothelial dysfunction in an aging population.METHODS:Plasma levels of circulating C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) were obtained from 679 elderly male participants in the Normative Aging Study. Blood samples were analyzed for 202 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 25 candidate genes and included both haplotype tagSNPs and functional SNPs based on literature review. Data were stratified into discovery and replication cohorts for 2-stage analysis. In the discovery cohort, the relationship between biomarker level and genotype was analyzed using linear mixed effects with random intercepts for each subject and models were adjusted for age and BMI. A positive outcome in the discovery cohort was defined as a p-value <0.1 for the SNP. SNPs that met this criterion were analyzed in the replication cohort and confirmed for those which met a criterion of significance (p<0.025).RESULTS:In our analyses, SNPs in the CRHR1, ITPR2, and VDR genes met significance criteria.CONCLUSIONS:Our results suggest that genes thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of asthma and COPD may influence levels of serum markers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction via novel SNP associations which have not previously been associated with cardiovascular disease.

Authors: Wilker EH; Alexeeff SE; Poon A; Litonjua AA; Sparrow D; Vokonas PS; Mittleman MA; Schwartz J.

Atherosclerosis. 2009 Oct;206(2):480-5. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2009.03.004. Epub 2009 Mar 19.

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