Skip to content

City-wide school-located influenza vaccination: A retrospective cohort study

We measured the effectiveness of a city-wide school-located influenza vaccination (SLIV) program implemented in over 102 elementary schools in Oakland, California. We conducted a retrospective cohort study among Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC) members of all ages residing in either the intervention or a multivariate-matched comparison site from September 2011 – August 2017. Outcomes included medically attended acute respiratory illness (MAARI), influenza hospitalization, and Oseltamivir prescriptions. We estimated difference-in-differences (DIDs) in 2014-15, 2015-16, and 2016-17 using generalized linear models and adjusted for race, ethnicity, age, sex, health plan, and language. Pre-intervention member characteristics were similar between sites. The proportion of KPNC members vaccinated for influenza by KPNC or the SLIV program was 8-11% higher in the intervention site than the comparison site during the intervention period. Among school-aged children, SLIV was associated with lower Oseltamivir prescriptions per 1,000 (DIDs: -3.5 (95% CI -5.5, -1.5) in 2015-16; -4.0 (95% CI -6.5, -1.6) in 2016-17) but not with other outcomes. SLIV was associated with lower MAARI per 1,000 in adults 65 + years (2014-15: -13.2, 95% CI -23.2, -3.2; 2015-16: -21.5, 95% CI -31.1, -11.9; 2016-17: -13.0, 95% CI -23.2, -2.9). There were few significant associations with other outcomes among adults. A city-wide SLIV intervention was associated with higher influenza vaccination coverage, lower Oseltamivir prescriptions in school-aged children, and lower MAARI among people over 65 years, suggesting possible indirect effects of SLIV among older adults.

Authors: Benjamin-Chung, Jade; Klein, Nicola P; Colford, John M; et al.

Vaccine. 2021 10 08;39(42):6302-6307. Epub 2021-09-14.

PubMed abstract

Explore all studies and publications

Back To Top