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Day-by-Day Management of the Inpatient With Moderate to Severe Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Hospitalization for inflammatory bowel disease is common and requires coordination of care. The goals of hospitalization are to markedly improve symptoms, transition management to an outpatient regimen, and prevent complications. Initially, providers should determine the phenotype and severity of disease flare and provide optimal medical salvage therapy for induction of disease remission. In addition, complications of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis should be addressed with testing for Clostridioides difficile and cytomegalovirus infections and pharmacologic venous thromboembolism prophylaxis, and early enteral feeding should be encouraged to optimize nutritional status. A standardized daily assessment to determine response to treatment should be performed. Objective measures of response to disease treatment that are measured within 3 to 4 days of hospitalization can predict which patients will benefit from either second-line rescue therapy or surgical intervention. These same measures can be used to determine readiness for hospital discharge. Safe discharge can be optimized with thorough patient education and a comprehensive outpatient follow-up plan.

Authors: Lewin, Sara; Velayos, Fernando S

Gastroenterol Hepatol (N Y). 2020 Sep;16(9):449-457.

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