DISCLOSURES: No funding was received for the writing of this letter. All authors were members of the National Academies study committee to which this letter refers, with Shortliffe as the chair. All committee members who contributed to the report were themselves vetted for potential conflicts of interest, as is described in the recently published version of the report. Lieu is an employee of Kaiser Permanente and the content does not represent the official views of Kaiser Permanente. The other authors have nothing to disclose.