Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an antigen-mediated chronic T helper type 2 (Th2)-associated inflammatory disorder that has emerged in the last three decades as an increasingly common cause of esophageal symptoms. Despite rising incidence and prevalence, there are currently no approved therapies for EoE in the United States and only one oral topical corticosteroid approved in Europe and Canada. Current management relies on labor- and endoscopy-intensive dietary elimination, proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) with only moderate efficacy, and use of inhaled or nebulized topical corticosteroids designed for asthma and limited by accessibility. Fortunately, progress in elucidating the underlying pathophysiology of EoE has led to the development of new therapies derived from molecular targets necessary for disease pathogenesis. We summarize established and emerging medical therapies for EoE, with a focus on new treatments with specific molecular targets that are likely to change EoE management paradigms in the next decade.