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Fracture Risk and Association With TDF Use Among People With HIV in Large Integrated Health Systems

Greater decline in bone health among people with HIV (PWH) has been documented but fracture risk and the impact of specific antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens remain unclear. Retrospective analyses of electronic health record data from 3 US integrated health care systems. Fracture incidence was compared between PWH aged 40 years or older without prior fracture and demographically matched people without HIV (PWoH), stratified by age, sex, and race/ethnicity. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate fracture risk associated with HIV infection. The association of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) use and fracture risk was evaluated in a subset of PWH initiating ART. Incidence of fracture was higher in PWH [13.6/1000 person-years, 95% confidence interval (CI): 13.0 to 14.3, n = 24,308] compared with PWoH (9.5, 95% CI: 9.4 to 9.7, n = 247,313). Compared with PWoH, the adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) for fracture among PWH was 1.24 (95% CI: 1.18 to 1.31). The association between HIV infection and fracture risk increased with age, with the lowest aHR (1.17, 95% CI: 1.10 to 1.25) among those aged 40-49 years and the highest aHR (1.89, 95% CI: 1.30 to 2.76) among those aged 70 years or older. Among PWH initiating ART (n = 6504), TDF was not associated with significant increase in fracture risk compared with non-TDF regimens (aHR: 1.18, 95% CI: 0.89 to 1.58). Among people aged 40 years or older, HIV infection is associated with increased risk of fractures. Bone health screening from the age of 40 years may be beneficial for PWH. Large cohort studies with longer follow-up are needed to evaluate TDF effect and the potential benefit of early screening.

Authors: Hechter, Rulin C;Lam, Jennifer O;Alexeeff, Stacey;Lo, Joan C;Silverberg, Michael J;Silverberg, Michael J;et al.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2023 Dec 01;94(4):341-348.

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