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Genome-wide association study and meta-analysis in multiple populations identifies new loci for peanut allergy and establishes c11orf30/EMSY as a genetic risk factor for food allergy

Peanut allergy (PA) is a complex disease with both environmental and genetic risk factors. Previously PA loci were identified in FLG and HLA in candidate gene studies, and loci in HLA in a genome-wide association study and meta-analysis. To investigate genetic susceptibility to PA. Eight hundred and fifty cases and 926 hyper-controls and >7.8 million genotyped and imputed single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were analyzed in a genome-wide association study to identify susceptibility variants for PA in the Canadian population. Meta-analysis of two phenotypes (PA and food allergy) was conducted using 7 studies from the Canadian, American (2), Australian, German and Dutch (2) populations. A SNP near ITGA6 reached genome-wide significance with PA (p=1.80×10(-8)), while SNPs associated with SKAP1, MMP12/MMP13, CTNNA3, ARHGAP24, ANGPT4, c11orf30 (EMSY), and EXOC4 reached a threshold suggestive of association (p≤1.49×10(-6)). In the meta-analysis of PA, loci in or near ITGA6, ANGPT4, MMP12/MMP13, c11orf30 and EXOC4 were significant (p≤1.49×10(-6)). When a phenotype of any food allergy was used for meta-analysis, the c11orf30 locus reached genome-wide significance (p=7.50×10(-11)), while SNPs associated with ITGA6, ANGPT4, MMP12/MMP13, EXOC4 and additional c11orf30 SNPs were suggestive (p≤1.49×10(-6)). Functional annotation indicated SKAP1 regulates expression of CBX1, which co-localizes with the EMSY protein coded by c11orf30. This study identifies multiple novel loci as risk factors for PA and food allergy and establishes c11orf30 as a risk locus for both peanut and food allergy. Multiple genes (c11orf30/EMSY, SKAP1 and CTNNA3) identified by this study are involved in epigenetic regulation of gene expression.

Authors: Asai Y; Eslami A; van Ginkel CD; Akhabir L; Wan M; Ellis G; Ben-Shoshan M; Martino D; Ferreira MA; Allen K; Mazer B; de Groot H; de Jong NW; Gerth van Wijk RN; Dubois AEJ; Chin R; Cheuk S; Hoffman J; Jorgensen E; Witte JS; Melles RB; Hong X; Wang X; Hui J; Musk AWB; Hunter M; James AL; Koppelman GH; Sandford AJ; Clarke AE; Daley D

J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2017 Oct 10.

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