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Mid-term outcomes for 605 patients receiving Endologix AFX or AFX2 Endovascular AAA Systems in an integrated healthcare system

Endologix issued important safety updates for the AFX Endovascular AAA System in 2016 and 2018 owing to the risk of type III endoleaks. Outcomes with these devices are limited to small case series with short-term follow-up. We describe the midterm outcomes for a large cohort of patients who received an Endologix AFX or AFX2 device. Data from an integrated healthcare system’s implant registry, which prospectively monitors all patients after endovascular aortic repair, was used for this descriptive study. Patients undergoing endovascular aortic repair with three AFX System variations (Strata [AFX-S], Duraply [AFX-D], and AFX2 with Duraply [AFX2]) were identified (2011-2017). Crude cumulative event probabilities for endoleak (types I and III), major reintervention, conversion to open, rupture, and mortality (aneurysm related and all cause) were estimated. Among 605 patients, 375 received AFX-S, 197 received AFX-D, and 33 received AFX2. Median follow-up for the cohort was 3.9 (interquartile range, 2.5-5.1) years. The crude 2-year incidence of overall endoleak, any subsequent reintervention or conversion, and mortality was 8.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 6.3-12.3), 12.0% (95% CI, 9.1-15.9), and 8.8% (95% CI, 6.3-12.2) for AFX-S. Respective estimates for AFX-D were 7.9% (95% CI, 4.8-13.0), 10.6% (95% CI, 6.9-16.1), and 9.7% (95% CI, 6.3-14.7); for AFX2, they were 14.1% (95% CI, 4.7-38.2), 16.2% (95% CI, 6.4-37.7), and 21.2% (95% CI, 10.7-39.4). The midterm outcomes of a large U.S. patient cohort with an Endologix AFX or AFX2 System demonstrate a concerning rate of adverse postoperative events. Patients with these devices should receive close clinical surveillance to prevent device-related adverse events.

Authors: Chang RW; Rothenberg KA; Harris JE; Gologorsky RC; Hsu JH; Rehring TF; Hajarizadeh H; Nelken NA; Paxton EW; Prentice HA

J Vasc Surg. 2021 03;73(3):856-866. Epub 2020-07-03.

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