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Populations and Interventions for Palliative and End-of-Life Care: A Systematic Review

Evidence supports palliative care effectiveness. Given workforce constraints and the costs of new services, payers and providers need help to prioritize their investments. They need to know which patients to target, which personnel to hire, and which services best improve outcomes. To inform how payers and providers should identify patients with "advanced illness" and the specific interventions they should implement, we reviewed the evidence to identify (1) individuals appropriate for palliative care and (2) elements of health service interventions (personnel involved, use of multidisciplinary teams, and settings of care) effective in achieving better outcomes for patients, caregivers, and the healthcare system. Systematic searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews databases (1/1/2001-1/8/2015). Randomized controlled trials (124) met inclusion criteria. The majority of studies in cancer (49%, 38 of 77 studies) demonstrated statistically significant patient or caregiver outcomes (e.g., p?

Authors: Singer AE; Goebel JR; Kim YS; Dy SM; Ahluwalia SC; Clifford M; Dzeng E; O'Hanlon CE; Motala A; Walling AM; Goldberg J; Meeker D; Ochotorena C; Shanman R; Cui M; Lorenz KA

J Palliat Med. 2016 Sep;19(9):995-1008. Epub 2016-08-17.

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