skip to Main Content

Post-licensure safety surveillance study of routine use of quadrivalent meningococcal diphtheria toxoid conjugate vaccine

Menactra� vaccine (MenACWY-D) was licensed in the United States in 2005 for persons 11-55years of age. The aim of this study was to assess the safety of MenACWY-D administered as part of routine clinical care to patients at Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC). This was an observational, retrospective study that included all KPNC members who received MenACWY-D during the study period. We monitored all vaccine recipients for non-elective hospitalizations, emergency department visits, and selected outcomes captured in the clinic setting (Bell’s palsy, seizures, neuritis, Guillain-Barr� syndrome, encephalopathy, encephalitis, epilepsy, transverse myelitis, multiple sclerosis, hypersensitivity reactions, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, diabetes, arthritis, hemolytic anemia, collagen-vascular disease) through 6months after vaccination. Using vaccine recipients as their own controls, we calculated incidence rate ratios (IRRs) of outcomes during the post-vaccination risk interval and compared these with rates during a comparison interval more remote from vaccination. We also compared rates of outcomes in MenACWY-D recipients with those in matched controls who received selected vaccines in the prior year. We reviewed medical records for selected outcomes. From April 2005 through April 2006, 31,561 KPNC patients (>99% of whom were 11-55years of age) received MenACWY-D. Overall, there were 21 outcomes with significantly elevated IRRs and 44 outcomes with significantly reduced IRRs. Medical record review of outcomes with significantly elevated IRRs did not suggest any relationship with MenACWY-D. Two serious adverse events were considered possibly related to vaccination by the study investigator. This study did not detect any safety concerns following MenACWY-D and provides reassurance that MenACWY-D administered as part of routine care was not associated with unexpected safety risks. Identifier is NCT00254995.

Authors: Hansen J; Zhang L; Klein NP; Robertson CA; Decker MD; Greenberg DP; Bassily E; Baxter R

Vaccine. 2017 Sep 20.

PubMed abstract

Explore all studies and publications

Back To Top