Acute Heart Failure (AHF) is a " multi-event disease" and hospitalisation is a critical event in the clinical course of HF. Despite relatively rapid relief of symptoms, hospitalisation for AHF is followed by an increased risk of death and re-hospitalisation. In AHF, risk stratification from clinically available data is increasingly important in evaluating long-term prognosis. From the perspective of patients, information on the risk of mortality and re-hospitalisation would be helpful in providing patients with insight into their disease. From the perspective of care providers, it may facilitate management decisions, such as who needs to be admitted and to what level of care (i.e. floor, step-down, ICU). Furthermore, risk-stratification may help identify patients who need to be evaluated for advanced HF therapies (i.e. left-ventricle assistance device or transplant or palliative care), and patients who need early a post-discharge follow-up plan. Finally, risk stratification will allow for more robust efforts to identify among risk markers the true targets for therapies that may direct treatment strategies to selected high-risk patients. Further clinical research will be needed to evaluate if appropriate risk stratification of patients could improve clinical outcome and resources allocation.
Predictors of Post-discharge Mortality Among Patients Hospitalized for Acute Heart Failure.
Authors: Chioncel, Ovidiu O; Collins, Sean P SP; Greene, Stephen J SJ; Pang, Peter S PS; Ambrosy, Andrew P AP; Antohi, Elena-Laura EL; Vaduganathan, Muthiah M; Butler, Javed J; Gheorghiade, Mihai M
Cardiac failure review. 2017 Nov 03;3(2):122-129. Epub 2018-02-03.