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Psychosocial and diabetes risk factors among racially/ethnically diverse adults with prediabetes

Psychosocial factors such as self-efficacy may be important in helping high-risk adults prevent diabetes. We aimed to describe psychosocial and diabetes risk factors in adults with prediabetes and evaluate if these varied by demographic characteristics. Cross-sectional data came from baseline surveys and electronic health records (2018-2021) of adults with prediabetes enrolled in a randomized study of peer support for diabetes prevention at Kaiser Permanente Northern California and Michigan Medicine. Linear regression was used to compare differences between racial/ethnic groups, adjusting for age, sex, and clinic. Of 336 participants in the study, 62% were female; median age was 57; 41% were White, 35% African American, 9% Hispanic. Mean autonomous motivation was 6.6 and self-efficacy to prevent diabetes was 6.0 (1-7 scale); mean perceived social support was 47 (12-72 scale). Hispanic adults reported higher autonomous motivation and African American adults reported higher self-efficacy compared to White adults. Hispanic and African American adults had more diabetes risk factors than White adults, including greater family history of diabetes, hypertension, sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, physical inactivity and food insecurity. In conclusion, participants reported high levels of autonomous motivation and self-efficacy at baseline, with Hispanic and African American adults reporting higher levels of some psychosocial factors related to behavior change, suggesting a significant opportunity to engage a diverse population of adults with prediabetes in diabetes prevention strategies. However, Hispanic and African American participants showed greater diabetes risk factors levels. Diabetes prevention efforts should address both to reduce diabetes incidence.

Authors: Rodriguez, Luis A; Thomas, Tainayah W; Finertie, Holly; Turner, Cassie D; Heisler, Michele; Schmittdiel, Julie A

Prev Med Rep. 2022 Jun;27:101821. Epub 2022-05-05.

PubMed abstract

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