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Recent Intrauterine device use and the risk of precancerous cervical lesions and cervical cancer

Understanding the effect of contraceptives on the development of precancerous lesions of the cervix and cervical cancer may provide information that is valuable to women in contraceptive decision-making. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between recent intrauterine device (IUD) use (by type) and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2, 3, adenocarcinoma in situ or cancer (CIN2+ or CIN3+). Case-control study of 17,559 women age 18-49 with incident CIN2+ cases and 5:1 age-matched, incidence-density selected controls (N=87,378) who were members of Kaiser Permanente Northern California Healthcare System from 1996-2014. Recent IUD use, within 18 months prior to index, was the exposure of interest. We identified 1,657 IUD users among the cases and 7,925 IUD users among controls. After adjusting for sexually transmitted infection testing, smoking, HPV vaccination, hormonal contraceptive use, parity, race and number of outpatient healthcare system visits, IUD use was associated with an increased rate of CIN2+ [rate ratio (RR) 1.12, 95% confidence interval (1.05-1.18), p

Authors: Averbach S; Silverberg MJ; Leyden W; Smith-McCune K; Raine-Bennett T; Sawaya GF

Contraception. 2018 Apr 16.

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