Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and/or end-stage renal disease are less active and experience significant functional limitations. The impact of a structured aerobic exercise intervention on outcomes in ambulatory heart failure (HF) patients with comorbid CKD is unknown. HF-ACTION enrolled 2,331 outpatients with HF and a reduced ejection fraction (i.e., ≤35%) from April 2003 to February 2007 and randomized them to aerobic exercise training versus usual care. Patients were grouped according to the presence of CKD, defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate
Renal Function and Exercise Training in AmbulatoryHeart Failure Patients With a Reduced Ejection Fraction.
Authors: Ambrosy, Andrew P AP; Mulder, Hillary H; Coles, Adrian A; Krauss, William E WE; Lam, Carolyn S P CSP; McCullough, Peter A PA; Pina, Ileana I; Tromp, Jasper J; Whellan, David J DJ; O'Connor, Christopher M CM; Mentz, Robert J RJ
The American journal of cardiology. 2018 Sep 15;122(6):999-1007. Epub 2018-06-23.