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The effect of retirement on health services utilization: the Kaiser Permanente Retirement Study

The relationship of retirement and use of medical services was investigated among members of the Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program in Northern California. A mailed survey of a 10 percent random sample of members 60-66 years old (N = 10,202) was followed by a telephone interview of (a) all respondents who had planned to retire in the next year, and (b) a random sample of respondents who had not planned to retire: 253 had retired (Retired group) and 238 were still working 20 hours a week or more (Not Retired group). Medical charts were reviewed for one year before and after the retirement date for the Retired group and for one year before and after a randomly assigned anchor date for the Not Retired group. With the exception of urgent care and emergency visits, no significant difference was found between the two groups in overall use of outpatient and inpatient services following retirement.

Authors: Soghikian K; Midanik LT; Polen MR; Ransom LJ

J Gerontol. 1991 Nov;46(6):S358-60.

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