The cobas?HPV Test ("cobas", Roche Molecular Systems) detects HPV16 and HPV18 individually, and a pool of 12 other high-risk (HR) HPV types. The test is approved for 1) ASC-US triage to determine need for colposcopy, 2) combined screening with cytology ("co-testing"), and 3) primary HPV screening. To assess the possible value of HPV16/18 typing, >17,000 specimens from a longitudinal cohort study of initially HPV-positive women (HC2, Qiagen) were retested with cobas. To study accuracy, cobas genotyping results were compared to those of an established method, the LINEAR ARRAY HPV Genotyping Test (LA, Roche Molecular Systems). Clinical value of the typing strategy was evaluated by linking the cobas results (supplemented by other available typing results) to 3-year cumulative risks of CIN3+. Grouped hierarchically (HPV16, else HPV18, else other HR types, else negative), the kappa statistic for agreement between cobas and LA was 0.86 (95%CI=0.86-0.87). In all 3 scenarios, HPV16-positive women were at much higher 3-year risk of CIN3+ than HPV16-negative women: women aged 21 and older with ASC-US (14.5%, 95%CI=13.5%-15.5% versus 3.5%, 95%CI=3.3%-3.6%); women aged 30 and older that were HPV-positive cytology-negative (10.3%, 95%CI=9.6%-11.1% versus 2.3%, 95%CI=2.2%-2.4%); and all women 25 and older that were HPV-positive (18.5%, 95%CI=17.8%-19.2% versus 4.3%, 95%CI=4.2%-4.4%). The cobas and LA results show excellent agreement. The data support HPV16 typing. HPV16 typing is useful in the management of HPV- positive/cytology-negative women in co-testing, of all HPV-positive women in primary HPV testing, and perhaps in the management of HPV-positive women with ASC-US.