To determine the trends in hospitalizations for heart failure (HF), acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and stroke in the United States (US). A retrospective analysis of the National Inpatient Sample weighted data between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2018 which included hospitalized adults ≥18 years with a primary discharge diagnosis of HF, AMI, or stroke using International Classification of Diseases-9/10 administrative codes. Main outcomes were hospitalization for HF, AMI, and stroke per 1000 United States adults, length of stay, and in-hospital mortality. There were 33.4 million hospitalizations for HF, AMI, and stroke, with most being for HF (48%). After the initial decline in HF hospitalizations (5.3 hospitalizations/1000 US adults in 2004 to 4 hospitalizations/1000 US adults in 2013, P < .001), there was a progressive increase in HF hospitalizations between 2013 and 2018 (4.0 hospitalizations/1000 US adults in 2013 to 4.9 hospitalizations/1000 US adults in 2018; P < .001). Hospitalization for AMI decreased (3.1 hospitalizations/1000 US adults in 2004 to 2.5 hospitalizations/1000 US adults in 2010, P < .001) and remained stable between 2010 and 2018. There was no significant change for hospitalization for stroke between 2004 and 2011 (2.3 hospitalizations/1000 US adults in 2004 vs 2.3 hospitalizations per 1000 US adults in 2011, P = .614); however, there was a small but significant increase in hospitalization for stroke after 2011 that reached 2.5 hospitalizations/1000 US adults in 2018. Adjusted length of stay and in-hospital mortality decreased for HF, AMI, and stroke hospitalizations. In contrast to the trend of AMI and stroke hospitalizations, a progressive increase in hospitalizations for HF has occurred since 2013. From 2004 to 2018, in-hospital mortality has decreased for HF, AMI, and stroke hospitalizations.
Trends in Hospitalizations for Heart Failure, Acute Myocardial Infarction, and Stroke in the United States from 2004-2018
Authors: Salah, Husam M; Khan Minhas, Abdul Mannan; Khan, Muhammad Shahzeb; Khan, Safi U; Ambrosy, Andrew P; Blumer, Vanessa; Vaduganathan, Muthiah; Greene, Stephen J; Pandey, Ambarish; Fudim, Marat
Am Heart J. 2022 01;243:103-109. Epub 2021-09-25.