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Susan D. Brown, PhD

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Kaiser Permanente Division of Research
2000 Broadway
Oakland, CA 94612

(510) 891-3544 (phone)
susan.d.brown@kp.org
Kaiser Permanente Researcher Profiles


 
Susan D. (Moore) Brown, PhD, is a Research Scientist I and licensed clinical psychologist at the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research. Her research focuses on health behavior change for chronic disease prevention, particularly among racial and ethnic minority groups. She has directed weight management lifestyle interventions for several federally funded trials and examines patient engagement, program effectiveness, and implementation-related issues. Her interests in minority health extend to ethnic identity and minority recruitment to clinical trials. Dr. Brown has received a Mentored Research Scientist Development Award (K01) from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases to examine patient engagement in diabetes prevention programs, as well as support from the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities Loan Repayment Program. Dr. Brown completed her undergraduate degree at Duke University and doctorate in clinical psychology at Boston University. Prior to joining the Division of Research in 2010, she completed predoctoral clinical training at the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center and a postdoctoral research fellowship in cardiovascular disease prevention at the Stanford Prevention Research Center in the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Current Position(s):

  • Research Scientist I, Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California
  • Assistant Director, Early Stage Investigator Training Program

Section Affiliations:

Primary Research Interests:

  • Behavior change
  • Chronic disease prevention
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Patient engagement
  • Ethnic minority health and health disparities
  • Women’s health

    Understanding Patient Engagement in Lifestyle Programs for Diabetes Prevention among Women with a Recent History of GDM

    While lifestyle programs to prevent type 2 diabetes are increasingly available, the drivers of patient engagement in them remain poorly understood. This study aims to identify characteristics of patient subgroups at risk for poor engagement, providing a basis for future targeted outreach efforts among women with a history of gestational diabetes.
    Investigator: Brown, Susan
    Funder: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

    Engaging At-Risk Minority Women in Health System Diabetes Prevention Programs

    The potential for efficacious lifestyle interventions to prevent type 2 diabetes hinges on patient engagement in real-world healthcare settings. Yet patient engagement strategies are suboptimal and attrition is often highparticularly concerning for ethnic minority women who bear disproportionate burdens of diabetes and diabetes risk factors and may be less likely to utilize evidence-based approaches to lifestyle change. The training objectives of this career development award are to strengthen expertise in diabetes, implementation science, health disparities, and biostatistics. The research objectives are to experimentally test feasible, theory-driven strategies to increase engagement in diabetes prevention programs among minority women at high risk for diabetes. These strategies will incorporate tailored diabetes risk information and basic psychosocial science (e.g., self-affirmation theory) to promote translation of diabetes prevention programs in a practice setting.
    Investigator: Brown, Susan
    Funder: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

    Minority recruitment into clinical trials: experimental findings and practical implications

    Author(s): Brown SD; Lee K; Schoffman DE; King AC; Crawley LM; Kiernan M

    Contemp Clin Trials. 2012 Jul;33(4):620-3. Epub 2012 Mar 16.

    PubMed abstract

    A Tailored Letter Based on Electronic Health Record Data Improves Gestational Weight Gain Among Women With Gestational Diabetes: The Gestational Diabetes' Effects on Moms (GEM) Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

    Author(s): Hedderson MM; Brown SD; Ehrlich SF; Tsai AL; Zhu Y; Quesenberry CP; Crites Y; Ferrara A

    Diabetes Care. 2018 Apr 18.

    PubMed abstract

    Leveraging EHRs for patient engagement: perspectives on tailored program outreach

    Author(s): Brown SD; Grijalva CS; Ferrara A

    Am J Manag Care. 2017 Jul 01;23(7):e223-e230. Epub 2017-07-01.

    PubMed abstract

    Perceived psychosocial stress and gestational weight gain among women with gestational diabetes

    Author(s): Kubo A; Ferrara A; Brown SD; Ehrlich SF; Tsai AL; Quesenberry CP; Crites Y; Hedderson MM

    PLoS ONE. 2017;12(3):e0174290. Epub 2017-03-28.

    PubMed abstract

    Lifestyle behaviors and ethnic identity among diverse women at high risk for type 2 diabetes

    Author(s): Brown SD; Ehrlich SF; Kubo A; Tsai AL; Hedderson MM; Quesenberry CP; Ferrara A

    Soc Sci Med. 2016 May 14;160:87-93. Epub 2016-5-14.

    PubMed abstract

    ​The Comparative Effectiveness of Diabetes Prevention Strategies to Reduce Postpartum Weight Retention in Women With Gestational Diabetes Mellitus; The Gestational Diabetes' Effects on Moms (GEM) Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Author(s): Ferrara A; Hedderson MM; Brown SD; Albright CL; Ehrlich SF; Tsai AL; Caan BJ; Sternfeld B; Gordon NP; Schmittdiel JA; Gunderson EP; Mevi AA; Herman WH; Ching J; Crites Y; Quesenberry CP Jr;

    Diabetes Care. 2016 Jan;39(1):65-74. doi: 10.2337/dc15-1254. Epub 2015 Dec 9.

    PubMed abstract

    Wellness Coaching for People With Prediabetes: A Randomized Encouragement Trial to Evaluate Outreach Methods at Kaiser Permanente, Northern California, 2013

    Author(s): Xiao H; Adams SR; Goler N; Sanna RS; Boccio M; Bellamy DJ; Brown SD; Neugebauer RS; Ferrara A; Schmittdiel JA

    Prev Chronic Dis. 2015;12:E207. Epub 2015-11-25.

    PubMed abstract

    Telephone-Based Coaching: A Comparison of Tobacco Cessation Programs in an Integrated Health Care System

    Author(s): Boccio M; Sanna RS; Adams SR; Goler NC; Brown SD; Neugebauer RS; Ferrara A; Wiley DM; Bellamy DJ; Schmittdiel JA

    Am J Health Promot. 2015 Nov 11.

    PubMed abstract

    Outreach to diversify clinical trial participation: A randomized recruitment study

    Author(s): Brown SD; Partee PN; Feng J; Quesenberry CP; Hedderson MM; Ehrlich SF; Kiernan M; Ferrara A

    Clin Trials. 2015 Jun;12(3):205-11. Epub 2015-02-02.

    PubMed abstract

    Post-partum weight loss and glucose metabolism in women with gestational diabetes: the DEBI Study

    Author(s): Ehrlich SF; Hedderson MM; Quesenberry CP; Feng J; Brown SD; Crites Y; Ferrara A

    Diabet Med. 2014 Jul;31(7):862-7. Epub 2014-03-25.

    PubMed abstract

    The Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure-Revised: Measurement Invariance Across Racial and Ethnic Groups

    Author(s): Brown SD; Unger Hu KA; Mevi AA; Hedderson MM; Shan J; Quesenberry CP; Ferrara A

    J Couns Psychol. 2014 Jan;61(1):154-61. Epub 2013-11-04.

    PubMed abstract

    Patient Satisfaction and Perceived Success with a Telephonic Health Coaching Program: The Natural Experiments for Translation in Diabetes (NEXT-D) Study, Northern California, 2011

    Author(s): Adams SR; Goler NC; Sanna RS; Boccio M; Bellamy DJ; Brown SD; Neugebauer RS; Ferrara A; Wiley DM; Schmittdiel JA

    Prev Chronic Dis. 2013;10:E179. Epub 2013-10-31.

    PubMed abstract

    Risk of Large-for-Gestational-Age Newborns in Women With Gestational Diabetes by Race and Ethnicity and Body Mass Index Categories

    Author(s): Sridhar SB; Ferrara A; Ehrlich SF; Brown SD; Hedderson MM

    Obstet Gynecol. 2013 Jun;121(6):1255-62.

    PubMed abstract

    The Stanford Leisure-Time Activity Categorical Item (L-Cat): a single categorical item sensitive to physical activity changes in overweight/obese women

    Author(s): Kiernan M; Schoffman DE; Lee K; Brown SD; Fair JM; Perri MG; Haskell WL

    Int J Obes (Lond). 2013 Dec;37(12):1597-602. Epub 2013-04-16.

    PubMed abstract

    Health-Plan and Employer-Based Wellness Programs to Reduce Diabetes Risk; The Kaiser Permanente Northern California NEXT-D Study

    Author(s): Schmittdiel JA; Brown SD; Neugebauer R; Adams SR; Adams AS; Wiley D; Ferrara A

    Prev Chronic Dis. 2013 Jan;10:E15.

    PubMed abstract

    Promoting healthy weight with 'stability skills first': A randomized trial

    Author(s): Kiernan M; Brown SD; Schoffman DE; Lee K; King AC; Taylor CB; Schleicher NC; Perri MG

    J Consult Clin Psychol. 2013 Apr;81(2):336-46. Epub 2012-10-29.

    PubMed abstract

    Social support for healthy behaviors: scale psychometrics and prediction of weight loss among women in a behavioral program

    Author(s): Kiernan M; Moore SD; Schoffman DE; Lee K; King AC; Taylor CB; Kiernan NE; Perri MG

    ​Obesity (Silver Spring). 2012 Apr;20(4):756-64. doi: 10.1038/oby.2011.293. Epub 2011 Oct 13.

    PubMed abstract

    Minority recruitment into clinical trials: experimental findings and practical implications

    Author(s): Brown SD; Lee K; Schoffman DE; King AC; Crawley LM; Kiernan M

    Contemp Clin Trials. 2012 Jul;33(4):620-3. Epub 2012 Mar 16.

    PubMed abstract

    Outcome expectations and realizations as predictors of weight regain among dieters

    Author(s): Moore SD; King AC; Kiernan M; Gardner CD

    ​Eat Behav. 2011 Jan;12(1):60-3. doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2010.08.007. Epub 2010 Sep 21.

    PubMed abstract

    Mindfulness and experiential avoidance as predictors and outcomes of the narrative emotional disclosure task

    Author(s): Moore SD; Brody LR; Dierberger AE

    ​J Clin Psychol. 2009 Sep;65(9):971-88. doi: 10.1002/jclp.20600.

    PubMed abstract