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CDC Grand Rounds: the Future of Cancer Screening

Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States, with 52% of deaths caused by cancers of the lung and bronchus, female breast, uterine cervix, colon and rectum, oral cavity and pharynx, prostate, and skin (melanoma). In the 1930s, uterine cancer, including cancer of the uterine cervix, was the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in the United States. With the advent of the Papanicolaou (Pap) test in the 1950s to detect cellular level changes in the cervix, cervical cancer death rates declined significantly. Since this first cancer screening test, others have been developed that detect the presence of cancer through imaging procedures (e.g., mammography, endoscopy, and computed tomography) and laboratory tests (e.g., fecal occult blood tests).

Authors: Thomas CC; Richards TB; Plescia M; Wong FL; Ballard R; Levin TR; Calonge BN; Brawley OW; Iskander J; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015 Apr 3;64(12):324-7.

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