Skip to content

Hospital Readmissions Among Patients Experiencing Homelessness: An Electronic Health Record Data Study

Population-level tracking of hospital use patterns with integrated care organizations in patients experiencing homelessness has been difficult. A California law implemented in 2019 (Senate Bill 1152) aimed to ensure safety for this population after discharge from the hospital by requiring additional documentation for patients experiencing homelessness, which provides an opportunity to evaluate hospital use by this population. In a large integrated health system in California, patients experiencing homelessness were identified through documentation change requirements associated with this law and compared with a matched group from the general population. Patients experiencing homelessness had increased rates of hospital readmission after discharge compared to the general population matched on demographics and medical comorbidity in 2019 and 2020. Any address change in the prior year for patients was associated with increased odds of emergency department readmission. Patients experiencing homelessness, both enrolled in an integrated delivery system and not, were successfully identified as having higher readmission rates compared with their housed counterparts. Documentation of housing status following Senate Bill 1152 has enabled improved study of hospital use among those with housing instability. Understanding patterns of hospital use in this vulnerable group will help practitioners identify timely points of intervention for further social and health care support.

Authors: Banerjee, Somalee;Yassin, Maher;Dyer, Wendy T;Thomas, Tainayah W;Rodriguez, Luis A;Schmittdiel, Julie

Perm J. 2024 Mar 15;28(1):55-61. Epub 2023-12-18.

PubMed abstract

Explore all studies and publications

Back To Top