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Identifying modifiable obesogenic behaviors among Latino adolescents in primary pediatric care.

Latino adolescents engage in more obesogenic behaviors, including sedentary behaviors and sugary drink consumption, than White adolescents. However, it is unclear whether engagement in obesogenic behaviors differs within the Latino population. Cross-sectional data were examined from Latino adolescents ages 13-17 with a well-child visit (2016-2019) in an integrated healthcare system. Adolescents self-reported on four daily obesogenic behaviors: 1) consuming < 5 servings of fruits/vegetables; 2) drinking > 1 juice/soda; 3) exercising/playing sports < 60 min; and 4) > 2 h screen time. A composite variable of >/= 3 self-reported behaviors was constructed. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine associations between obesogenic behaviors with age category (13-15 or 16-17 years), sex, household language preference (English/Spanish), neighborhood deprivation index (NDI quartiles), and body mass index (BMI). Among 77,514 Latino adolescents (mean age 14.7 +/- 1.4; 50 % female), 23 % lived in Spanish-speaking households, 43 % resided in census tracts with the highest (most deprived) NDI quartile, and 45 % had an overweight or obese BMI. Older (vs younger) adolescents had higher odds of insufficient fruit/vegetable intake (OR 1.20; CI 1.17-1.24), greater sedentary behavior (OR 1.51; 1.46-1.56), and reporting > 2 h screen time (OR 1.07; 1.03-1.11). Adolescents in the 4th (vs 1st) NDI quartile (OR 1.34; 1.26-1.42) and those with obesity (vs healthy weight) (OR 1.55; 1.42-1.70 for class 3 obesity) had higher odds of >/= 3 obesogenic behaviors. In conclusion, among Latino adolescents, older age, obesity, and living in more deprived neighborhoods were associated with greater obesogenic behaviors. Identifying adolescents more likely to engage in obesogenic behaviors can inform targeted lifestyle interventions.

Authors: Rodriguez LA; Gopalan A; Darbinian JA; Chandra M; Greenspan LC; Howell A; Lo JC

Prev Med Rep. 2022 Jul 30;29:101939. doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2022.101939. eCollection 2022 Oct.

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