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Lifestyle-related education and counseling resource utilization and cardiovascular biomarkers in midlife women with low physical activity

Health plan-based resources are promising avenues for decreasing cardiovascular disease risk. This study examined associations of lifestyle-related resource utilization within a healthcare delivery system and cardiovascular biomarkers among midlife women with low physical activity. Midlife women (45-55 years old) with <10 min/week of reported physical activity at a primary care visit within a large integrated healthcare delivery system in Northern California in 2015 (n = 55,393) were identified. Within this cohort, subsequent lifestyle-related health education and individual coaching resource utilization, and the next recorded physical activity, weight, systolic blood pressure, plasma glucose, HDL and LDL cholesterol measures up to 2 years after the index primary care visit were identified from electronic health records. We used a multilevel linear model to estimate associations. About 3% (n = 1587) of our cohort had ≥1 lifestyle-related resource encounter; 0.3% (n = 178) had ≥ 4 encounters. Participation in ≥4 lifestyle-related resource encounters (compared to none) was associated with 51 more minutes/week of physical activity (95% CI: 33,69) at the next clinical measurement in all women, 6.2 kg lower weight (95% CI: -7.0,-5.5) at the next measurement in women with obesity, and 8-10 mg/dL lower plasma glucose (95% CI: -30,14 and -23,2, respectively) at the next measurement in women with diabetes or prediabetes. Our results support the sustained utilization of health plan-based lifestyle-related resources for improving physical activity, weight, and plasma glucose in high-risk midlife women. Given the observed low utilization, health system-wide efforts may be warranted to increase utilization of lifestyle-related resources in this population.

Authors: Badon, Sylvia E; Nance, Nerissa; Fogelberg, Renee; Quesenberry, Charles; Hedderson, Monique M; Avalos, Lyndsay A

Prev Med Rep. 2021 Sep;23:101401. Epub 2021-05-17.

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