To examine whether longitudinal exposure to neighborhood socioeconomic vulnerability influences blood pressure changes throughout midlife in a racially, ethnically, and geographically-diverse cohort of women transitioning through menopause. We used longitudinal data on 2738 women (age 42-52 at baseline) living in six United States cities from The Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation. Residential histories, systolic blood pressures (SBP), and diastolic blood pressures (DBP) were collected annually for ten years. We used longitudinal latent profile analysis to identify patterns of neighborhood socioeconomic vulnerability occurring from 1996 to 2007 in participant neighborhoods. We used linear mixed-effect models to determine if a woman’s neighborhood profile throughout midlife was associated with blood pressure changes. We identified four unique profiles of neighborhood socioeconomic vulnerability – differentiated by residential socioeconomic status, population density, and vacant housing conditions – which remained stable across time. Women residing in the most socioeconomically vulnerable neighborhoods experienced the steepest increase in annual SBP growth by 0.93 mmHg/year (95% CI: 0.65-1.21) across ten-year follow-up. Neighborhood socioeconomic vulnerability was significantly associated with accelerated SBP increases throughout midlife among women.