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Novel Use and Utility of Integrated Electronic Health Records to Assess Rates of Prediabetes Recognition and Treatment: Brief Report From an Integrated Electronic Health Records Pilot Study

This study uses novel methods to examine the frequency of diagnosis and treatment of prediabetes in real-world clinical settings using electronic health record (EHR) data. We identified a cohort of 358,120 adults with incident prediabetes (fasting plasma glucose [FPG] 100-125 mg/dL or glycated hemoglobin 5.7-6.4% [39-46 mmol/mol]) between 2006 and 2010 and examined rates of diagnosis and treatment in the 6 months after identification. In the 6 months after identification of prediabetes, 18% of patients had their blood glucose levels retested; 13% received a physician diagnosis of prediabetes/hyperglycemia; 31.0% had prediabetes, diabetes, or lifestyle documented in the clinical notes; and <0.1% initiated metformin. Among patients with FPG 120-125 mg/dL, 31% were retested; metformin initiation remained <1%. Documented rates of follow-up and treatment for prediabetes are low. EHR data may be a valuable tool to improve identification and treatment of prediabetes in the U.S.

Authors: Schmittdiel JA; Adams SR; Segal J; Griffin MR; Roumie CL; Ohnsorg K; Grant RW; O'Connor PJ

Diabetes Care. 2014 Feb;37(2):565-8. Epub 2013-11-22.

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