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Prepregnancy weight change associated with high gestational weight gain

Gestational weight gain (GWG) above recommendations is a risk factor for adverse maternal, perinatal, and long-term outcomes. This study hypothesized that prepregnancy weight gain may portend excess GWG. Among 1,126 women (51% of whom were of Black race) in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study with post-baseline births, the prepregnancy annual rate of BMI change per woman was estimated (slope; 5 years before pregnancy) and was related to the risk of GWG above Institute of Medicine recommendations using mixed-effects models (binary) and GWG z score (continuous), adjusting for confounders, and stratified by prepregnancy overweight/obesity status. A total of 626 women (56%) had excess GWG. Each standard deviation increase in prepregnancy BMI (0.16 kg/m2 per year) was associated with an 18% increased risk of excess GWG (95% CI: 1.13-1.23), adjusted for covariates. Stratified results showed an association for women without overweight or obesity (adjusted relative risk = 1.71 [95% CI: 1.38-2.13]) but not among those with overweight or obesity (adjusted relative risk = 0.98 [95% CI: 0.91-1.05]). When evaluated as a z score, prepregnancy weight gain was associated with higher GWG among women with and without overweight or obesity (mean = 0.24 [0.10] and 0.28 [0.12] z score, respectively). Weight gain before pregnancy is associated with higher GWG during pregnancy. Assessment of prepregnancy weight changes may identify those at risk for high GWG.

Authors: Catov, Janet M; Sun, Baiyang; Lewis, Cora E; Bertolet, Marnie; Gunderson, Erica P

Obesity (Silver Spring). 2022 02;30(2):524-534. Epub 2022-01-26.

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