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Safety and Immunogenicity of a 20-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine in Healthy Infants in the United States

The development and widespread use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) substantially reduced the global burden of pneumococcal disease. Expanding the serotypes covered by PCVs may further reduce disease burden. A 20-valent PCV (PCV20) has been developed to add coverage for 7 additional serotypes (8, 10A, 11A, 12F, 15B, 22F and 33F) to those in the existing 13-valent PCV (PCV13). This phase 2 study evaluated the safety, tolerability and immunogenicity of PCV20 in healthy US infants. In this randomized, active-controlled, double-blind study, 460 infants were randomized 1:1 to receive a 4-dose series of either PCV20 or PCV13 at 2, 4, 6 and 12 months of age. Solicited local reactions and systemic events, adverse events (AEs) and serious AEs were recorded. Immunogenicity was assessed by measuring serotype-specific IgG concentrations and opsonophagocytic activity titers at 1 month after Dose 3, before Dose 4 and 1 month after Dose 4. Of 460 infants, 82.8% completed the 1-month visit after Dose 4. Local reactions and systemic events were mostly mild to moderate in severity and similar between the PCV20 and PCV13 groups. Treatment-related AEs were uncommon, with no related serious AEs or deaths reported. IgG and opsonophagocytic activity responses elicited by PCV20 were robust and demonstrated a booster response after Dose 4. Administration of PCV20 in US infants was well tolerated, with a safety profile similar to PCV13, and induced robust serotype-specific immune responses. These findings support continued development of PCV20 in the pediatric population.

Authors: Senders, Shelly; Lamberth, Erik; Watson, Wendy; et al.

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2021 10 01;40(10):944-951.

PubMed abstract

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