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Thromboembolism after treatment with 4-factor prothrombin complex concentrate or plasma for warfarin-related bleeding

Limited data exist in large, representative populations about whether the risk of thromboembolic events varies after receiving four-factor human prothrombin complex concentrate (4F-PCC) versus treatment with human plasma for urgent reversal of oral vitamin K antagonist therapy. We conducted a multicenter observational study to compare the 45-day risk of thromboembolic events in adults with warfarin-associated major bleeding after treatment with 4F-PCC (Kcentra®) or plasma. Hospitalized patients in two large integrated healthcare delivery systems who received 4F-PCC or plasma for reversal of warfarin due to major bleeding from January 1, 2008 to March 31, 2020 were identified and were matched 1:1 on potential confounders and a high-dimensional propensity score. Arterial and venous thromboembolic events were identified up to 45 days after receiving 4F-PCC or plasma from electronic health records and adjudicated by physician review. Among 1119 patients receiving 4F-PCC and a matched historical cohort of 1119 patients receiving plasma without a recent history of thromboembolism, mean (SD) age was 76.7 (10.5) years, 45.6% were women, and 9.4% Black, 14.6% Asian/Pacific Islander, and 15.7% Hispanic. The 45-day risk of thromboembolic events was 3.4% in those receiving 4F-PCC and 4.1% in those receiving plasma (P = 0.26; adjusted hazard ratio 0.76; 95% confidence interval 0.49-1.16). The adjusted risk of all-cause death at 45 days post-treatment was lower in those receiving 4F-PCC compared with plasma. Among a large, ethnically diverse cohort of adults treated for reversal of warfarin-associated bleeding, receipt of 4F-PCC was not associated with an excess risk of thromboembolic events at 45 days compared with plasma therapy.

Authors: Go, Alan S; Solomon, Matthew D; REVERSAL Study,; et al.

J Thromb Thrombolysis. 2022 Oct;54(3):470-479. Epub 2022-08-19.

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