Sign In

Catherine Lee, PhD


Kaiser Permanente Division of Research
2000 Broadway
Oakland, CA 94612

(510) 891-3556 (phone)
Kaiser Permanente Researcher Profiles

​Catherine Lee, PhD, is a biostatistician (research scientist) at the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research. Her methodological research focuses on the analysis of time-to-event outcomes. She has developed methods for relating sparsely collected time-varying biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease to disease progression, and modeled transplant rejection among leukemia patients who have undergone stem cell transplantation. Dr. Lee's current research includes the development of methods for joint risk prediction using semi-competing risks data. She received a PhD in mathematics from University of California, Los Angeles, and a PhD in biostatistics from Harvard University.

Current Position(s):

  • Research Scientist I

Section Affiliations:

Primary Research Interests:

  • Time-to-event outcomes
  • Risk prediction
  • Semi-competing risks

    No results found matching criteria
    No results found matching criteria

    Blood donor, component, and recipient-specific factors associated with venous thromboembolism in transfused hospitalized adult patients: Data from the recipient epidemiology and donor evaluation Study-III (REDS-III)

    Author(s): Goel, Ruchika; Plimier, Colleen; Lee, Catherine; Tobian, Aaron A R; Josephson, Cassandra D; Hod, Eldad A; Roubinian, Nareg H

    Transfusion. 2023 May;63(5):925-932. Epub 2023-02-25.

    PubMed abstract

    Association of primary lifetime occupational cognitive complexity and cognitive decline in a diverse cohort: Results from the KHANDLE study

    Author(s): Soh, Yenee; Eng, Chloe W; Mayeda, Elizabeth Rose; Whitmer, Rachel A; Lee, Catherine; Peterson, Rachel L; Mungas, Dan M; Glymour, M Maria; Gilsanz, Paola

    Alzheimers Dement. 2023 Apr 14.

    PubMed abstract

    Perinatal Outcomes After Bariatric Surgery Compared With a Matched Control Group

    Author(s): Boller, Marie J; Xu, Fei; Lee, Catherine; Sridhar, Sneha; Greenberg, Mara B; Hedderson, Monique M

    Obstet Gynecol. 2023 Mar 01;141(3):583-591. Epub 2023-02-02.

    PubMed abstract

    Sex- and ethnic-specific patterns in the incidence of hip fracture among older US Asian and non-Hispanic White adults

    Author(s): Lo, Joan C; Chandra, Malini; Lee, David R; Darbinian, Jeanne A; Gordon, Nancy P; Zeltser, David W; Grimsrud, Christopher D; Lee, Catherine

    J Am Geriatr Soc. 2023 Feb 15.

    PubMed abstract

    Risk of venous thromboembolism in non-respiratory and respiratory presentations of COVID-19 in critically ill patients

    Author(s): Roubinian, Nareg H; Vinson, David R; Pai, Ashok P; Myers, Laura C; Skarbinski, Jacek; Lee, Catherine; Mark, Dustin G; Liu, Vincent X

    Chest. 2023 Feb 12.

    PubMed abstract

    Risk of posthospital venous thromboembolism in patients with COVID-19 varies by SARS-CoV-2 period and vaccination status

    Author(s): Roubinian, Nareg H; Vinson, David R; Knudson-Fitzpatrick, Tess Wheeler; Mark, Dustin G; Skarbinski, Jacek; Lee, Catherine; Liu, Vincent X; Pai, Ashok P

    Blood Adv. 2023 Jan 10;7(1):141-144.

    PubMed abstract

    Predicting Post-Sepsis Cardiovascular Events with Death as a Competing Risk

    Author(s): Myers, Laura C; Lee, Catherine; Go, Alan S; Liu, Vincent X; Walkey, Allan J; et al.

    Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2023 Jan;20(1):145-148.

    PubMed abstract

    Association between anaemia and hospital readmissions in patients undergoing major surgery requiring postoperative intensive care

    Author(s): Warner, M A; Hanson, A C; Plimier, C; Lee, C; Liu, V X; Richards, T; Kor, D J; Roubinian, N H

    Anaesthesia. 2023 Jan;78(1):45-54. Epub 2022-09-08.

    PubMed abstract

    Pregnancy post-bariatric surgery: Improved outcomes with telephonic nutritional management program

    Author(s): Hedderson, Monique M; Boller, Marie; Xu, Fei; Lee, Catherine; Sridhar, Sneha; Greenberg, Mara

    Obes Res Clin Pract. 2023 Mar-Apr;17(2):144-150. Epub 2023-03-10.

    PubMed abstract

    High-sensitivity troponin I is associated with cardiovascular outcomes but not with breast arterial calcification among postmenopausal women

    Author(s): Iribarren, Carlos; Chandra, Malini; Lee, Catherine; Sanchez, Gabriela; Sam, Danny L; Azamian, Farima Faith; Cho, Hyo-Min; Ding, Huanjun; Wong, Nathan D; Molloi, Sabee

    Int J Cardiol Cardiovasc Risk Prev. 2022 Dec;15:200157. Epub 2022-11-01.

    PubMed abstract

    A large genome-wide association study of QT interval length utilizing electronic health records

    Author(s): Hoffmann, Thomas J; Lu, Meng; Oni-Orisan, Akinyemi; Lee, Catherine; Risch, Neil; Iribarren, Carlos

    Genetics. 2022 Nov 30;222(4).

    PubMed abstract

    Association of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Size With Long-term Patient Outcomes: The KP-TAA Study

    Author(s): Solomon, Matthew D; Lee, Catherine; Chang, Robert; Go, Alan S; Kaiser Permanente Northern California Center for Thoracic Aortic Disease ,; et al.

    JAMA Cardiol. 2022 Nov 01;7(11):1160-1169.

    PubMed abstract

    Risk of severe COVID-19 infection among adults with prior exposure to children

    Author(s): Solomon, Matthew D; Escobar, Gabriel J; Lu, Yun; Schlessinger, David; Steinman, Jonathan B; Steinman, Lawrence; Lee, Catherine; Liu, Vincent X

    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2022 Aug 16;119(33):e2204141119. Epub 2022-07-27.

    PubMed abstract

    Predicting obstructive sleep apnea severity in children referred for polysomnography: use of the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire and Subscales

    Author(s): Bseikri, Mustafa; Zhang, Jie; Kirley, Jocelyn; Lee, Catherine; Castillo, Adrienne; Feliciano, Elizabeth M Cespedes

    Sleep Breath. 2022 May 28.

    PubMed abstract

    Exploratory analysis of novel electronic health record variables for quantification of healthcare delivery strain, prediction of mortality, and prediction of imminent discharge

    Author(s): Lee, Catherine; Lawson, Brian L; Mann, Ariana J; Liu, Vincent X; Myers, Laura C; Schuler, Alejandro; Escobar, Gabriel J

    J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2022 05 11;29(6):1078-1090.

    PubMed abstract

    Effect of Lifestyle Coaching or Enhanced Pharmacotherapy on Blood Pressure Control Among Black Adults With Persistent Uncontrolled Hypertension: A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial

    Author(s): Nguyen-Huynh, Mai N; Young, Joseph D; Ovbiagele, Bruce; Alexander, Janet G; Alexeeff, Stacey; Lee, Catherine; Blick, Noelle; Caan, Bette J; Go, Alan S; Sidney, Stephen

    JAMA Netw Open. 2022 May 02;5(5):e2212397. Epub 2022-05-02.

    PubMed abstract

    Contribution of Maternal Cardiometabolic Risk Factors to Racial-Ethnicity Disparities in Preterm Birth Subtypes

    Author(s): Hedderson, Monique M; Xu, Fei; Dayo, Olumayowa M; Liu, Emily; Sridhar, Sneha; Lee, Catherine; Greenberg, Mara

    Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM. 2022 05;4(3):100608. Epub 2022-03-04.

    PubMed abstract

    Primary care telemedicine during the COVID-19 pandemic: patient's choice of video versus telephone visit

    Author(s): Huang, Jie; Graetz, Ilana; Millman, Andrea; Gopalan, Anjali; Lee, Catherine; Muelly, Emilie; Reed, Mary E

    JAMIA Open. 2022 Apr;5(1):ooac002. Epub 2022-01-19.

    PubMed abstract

    Impact of the Affordable Care Act on Colorectal Cancer Incidence and Mortality

    Author(s): Lee, Catherine; Kushi, Lawrence H; Reed, Mary E; Eldridge, Elizabeth H; Lee, Jeffrey K; Zhang, Jie; Spiegelman, Donna

    Am J Prev Med. 2022 03;62(3):387-394. Epub 2021-11-08.

    PubMed abstract

    Breast Arterial Calcification: a Novel Cardiovascular Risk Enhancer Among Postmenopausal Women

    Author(s): Iribarren, Carlos; Chandra, Malini; Lee, Catherine; Sanchez, Gabriela; Sam, Danny L; Azamian, Farima Faith; Cho, Hyo-Min; Ding, Huanjun; Wong, Nathan D; Molloi, Sabee

    Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2022 03;15(3):e013526. Epub 2022-03-15.

    PubMed abstract

    Age-Adjusted Mortality Rates and Age and Risk-Associated Contributions to Change in Heart Disease and Stroke Mortality, 2011-2019 and 2019-2020

    Author(s): Sidney, Stephen; Lee, Catherine; Liu, Jennifer; Khan, Sadiya S; Lloyd-Jones, Donald M; Rana, Jamal S

    JAMA Netw Open. 2022 03 01;5(3):e223872. Epub 2022-03-01.

    PubMed abstract

    Comparison of dementia incidence and prevalence between individuals with and without HIV infection in primary care from 2000 to 2016

    Author(s): Lam, Jennifer O; Lee, Catherine; Gilsanz, Paola; Hou, Craig E; Leyden, Wendy A; Satre, Derek D; Flamm, Jason A; Towner, William J; Horberg, Michael A; Silverberg, Michael J

    AIDS. 2022 03 01;36(3):437-445.

    PubMed abstract

    Torsade de pointes: A nested case-control study in an integrated healthcare delivery system

    Author(s): Mantri, Neha; Lu, Meng; Zaroff, Jonathan G; Risch, Neil; Hoffmann, Thomas; Oni-Orisan, Akinyemi; Lee, Catherine; Iribarren, Carlos

    Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol. 2022 01;27(1):e12888. Epub 2021-09-21.

    PubMed abstract

    Treatment and Follow-up Care Associated With Patient-Scheduled Primary Care Telemedicine and In-Person Visits in a Large Integrated Health System

    Author(s): Reed, Mary; Huang, Jie; Graetz, Ilana; Muelly, Emilie; Millman, Andrea; Lee, Catherine

    JAMA Netw Open. 2021 11 01;4(11):e2132793. Epub 2021-11-01.

    PubMed abstract

    QT Interval Dynamics and Cardiovascular Outcomes: A Cohort Study in an Integrated Health Care Delivery System

    Author(s): Mantri, Neha; Lu, Meng; Zaroff, Jonathan G; Risch, Neil; Hoffmann, Thomas; Oni-Orisan, Akinyemi; Lee, Catherine; Jorgenson, Eric; Iribarren, Carlos

    J Am Heart Assoc. 2021 10 05;10(19):e018513. Epub 2021-09-28.

    PubMed abstract


    Author(s): Escobar, Gabriel J; Schuler, Alejandro; Lee, Catherine

    Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2021 08;225(2):208. Epub 2021-04-23.

    PubMed abstract

    Racial Disparities in COVID-19 Testing and Outcomes : Retrospective Cohort Study in an Integrated Health System

    Author(s): Escobar, Gabriel J; Adams, Alyce S; Liu, Vincent X; Soltesz, Lauren; Chen, Yi-Fen Irene; Parodi, Stephen M; Ray, G Thomas; Myers, Laura C; Ramaprasad, Charulata M; Dlott, Richard; Lee, Catherine

    Ann Intern Med. 2021 06;174(6):786-793. Epub 2021-02-09.

    PubMed abstract

    Dual trajectories of physical activity and blood lipids in midlife women: The Study of Women's Health Across the Nation

    Author(s): Badon, Sylvia E; Gabriel, Kelley Pettee; Karvonen-Gutierrez, Carrie; Sternfeld, Barbara; Gold, Ellen B; Waetjen, L Elaine; Lee, Catherine; Avalos, Lyndsay A; El Khoudary, Samar R; Hedderson, Monique M

    Maturitas. 2021 Apr;146:49-56. Epub 2021-02-06.

    PubMed abstract

    Comparison of dementia risk after age 50 between individuals with and without HIV infection

    Author(s): Lam, Jennifer O; Hou, Craig E; Hojilla, J Carlo; Anderson, Alexandra N; Gilsanz, Paola; Alexeeff, Stacey E; Levine-Hall, Tory; Hood, Nicole; Lee, Catherine; Satre, Derek D; Silverberg, Michael J

    AIDS. 2021 04 01;35(5):821-828.

    PubMed abstract


    Author(s): Escobar, Gabriel J; Soltesz, Lauren; Schuler, Alejandro; Niki, Hamid; Malenica, Ivana; Lee, Catherine

    Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2021 02;224(2):137-147.e7. Epub 2020-10-22.

    PubMed abstract

    Recruitment strategies and design considerations in a trial of resistance training to prevent dose-limiting toxicities in colon cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy

    Author(s): Caan, Bette J; Meyerhardt, Jeffrey A; Brown, Justin C; Campbell, Kristin L; Cespedes Feliciano, Elizabeth M; Lee, Catherine; Ross, Michelle C; Quinney, Sara; Quesenberry, Charles; Sternfeld, Barbara; Schmitz, Kathryn H

    Contemp Clin Trials. 2021 02;101:106242. Epub 2020-12-07.

    PubMed abstract

    Fitting a shared frailty illness-death model to left-truncated semi-competing risks data to examine the impact of education level on incident dementia

    Author(s): Lee, Catherine; Gilsanz, Paola; Haneuse, Sebastien

    BMC Med Res Methodol. 2021 01 11;21(1):18. Epub 2021-01-11.

    PubMed abstract

    Bone Mineral Density in Older U.S. Filipino, Chinese, Japanese, and White Women

    Author(s): Lo, Joan C; Chandra, Malini; Lee, Catherine; Darbinian, Jeanne A; Ramaswamy, Mohan; Ettinger, Bruce

    J Am Geriatr Soc. 2020 11;68(11):2656-2661. Epub 2020-10-12.

    PubMed abstract

    The Covid-19 Pandemic and the Incidence of Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Author(s): Solomon MD; McNulty EJ; Rana JS; Leong TK; Lee C; Sung SH; Ambrosy AP; Sidney S; Go AS

    N Engl J Med. 2020 08 13;383(7):691-693. Epub 2020-05-19.

    PubMed abstract

    Time-to-event analysis when the event is defined on a finite time interval

    Author(s): Lee C; Lee SJ; Haneuse S

    Stat Methods Med Res. 2020 06;29(6):1573-1591. Epub 2019-08-22.

    PubMed abstract

    Patient Characteristics Associated With Choosing a Telemedicine Visit vs Office Visit With the Same Primary Care Clinicians

    Author(s): Reed ME; Huang J; Graetz I; Lee C; Muelly E; Kennedy C; Kim E

    JAMA Netw Open. 2020 06 01;3(6):e205873. Epub 2020-06-01.

    PubMed abstract

    Prediction of Occult Uterine Sarcoma prior to Hysterectomy for Women with Leiomyoma or Abnormal Bleeding

    Author(s): Lentz SE; Zaritsky E; Tucker LY; Lee C; Lazo IM; Niihara A; Yamamoto M; Raine-Bennett T

    J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2020 May - Jun;27(4):930-937.e1. Epub 2019-07-25.

    PubMed abstract

    Additive effects of blood donor smoking and gamma irradiation on outcome measures of red blood cell transfusion

    Author(s): DeSimone RA; Plimier C; Lee C; Kanias T; Cushing MM; Sachais BS; Kleinman S; Busch MP; Roubinian NH

    Transfusion. 2020 May 01.

    PubMed abstract

    Cumulative Adherence to Secondary Prevention Guidelines and Mortality After Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Author(s): Solomon MD; Leong TK; Levin E; Rana JS; Jaffe MG; Sidney S; Sung SH; Lee C; DeMaria A; Go AS

    J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 03 17;9(6):e014415. Epub 2020-03-05.

    PubMed abstract

    Adjuvant endocrine therapy for breast cancer patients: impact of a health system outreach program to improve adherence

    Author(s): Lee C; Check DK; Manace Brenman L; Kushi LH; Epstein MM; Neslund-Dudas C; Pawloski PA; Achacoso N; Laurent C; Fehrenbacher L; Habel LA

    Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2020 Feb;180(1):219-226. Epub 2020-01-23.

    PubMed abstract

    Association of donor age, body mass index, hemoglobin, and smoking status with in-hospital mortality and length of stay among red blood cell-transfused recipients

    Author(s): Roubinian NH; Lee C; NHLBI Recipient Epidemiology and Donor Evaluation Study-III (REDS-III); et al.

    Transfusion. 2019 11;59(11):3362-3370. Epub 2019-10-11.

    PubMed abstract

    Effect of donor, component and recipient characteristics on hemoglobin increments following red blood cell transfusion

    Author(s): Roubinian NH; Plimier C; Woo JP; Lee C; Bruhn R; Liu VX; Escobar GJ; Kleinman SH; Triulzi DJ; Murphy EL; Busch MP

    Blood. 2019 09 26;134(13):1003-1013. Epub 2019-07-26.

    PubMed abstract

    Association of Blood Donor Sex and Prior Pregnancy With Mortality Among Red Blood Cell Transfusion Recipients

    Author(s): Edgren G; Lee C; Roubinian NH; NHLBI Recipient Epidemiology and Donor Evaluation Study-III (REDS-III) Group; et al.

    JAMA. 2019 06 11;321(22):2183-2192.

    PubMed abstract

    SemiCompRisks: An R Package for the Analysis of Independent and Cluster-correlated Semi-competing Risks Data

    Author(s): Alvares, Danilo; Haneuse, Sebastien; Lee, Catherine; Lee, Kyu Ha

    R J. 2019 Jun;11(1):376-400. Epub 2019-08-20.

    PubMed abstract

    Reproductive period and risk of dementia in a diverse cohort of health care members

    Author(s): Gilsanz P; Lee C; Corrada MM; Kawas CH; Quesenberry CP; Whitmer RA

    Neurology. 2019 04 23;92(17):e2005-e2014. Epub 2019-03-28.

    PubMed abstract

    Incidence of dementia after age 90 in a multiracial cohort

    Author(s): Gilsanz P; Corrada MM; Kawas CH; Mayeda ER; Glymour MM; Quesenberry CP; Lee C; Whitmer RA

    Alzheimers Dement. 2019 04;15(4):497-505. Epub 2019-02-20.

    PubMed abstract

    Long-Term Outcomes Among Patients Discharged From the Hospital With Moderate Anemia: A Retrospective Cohort Study

    Author(s): Roubinian NH; Murphy EL; Mark DG; Triulzi DJ; Carson JL; Lee C; Kipnis P; Kleinman S; Liu VX; Escobar GJ

    Ann Intern Med. 2019 01 01;170(1):80.

    PubMed abstract

    Kidney function, proteinuria and breast arterial calcification in women without clinical cardiovascular disease: The MINERVA study

    Author(s): Parikh RV; Iribarren C; Lee C; Levine-Hall T; Tan TC; Sanchez G; Ding H; Bidgoli FA; Molloi S; Go AS

    PLoS ONE. 2019;14(1):e0210973. Epub 2019-01-17.

    PubMed abstract

    A Pre-Pregnancy Biomarker Risk Score Improves Prediction of Future Gestational Diabetes

    Author(s): Badon SE; Zhu Y; Sridhar SB; Xu F; Lee C; Ehrlich SF; Quesenberry CP; Hedderson MM

    J Endocr Soc. 2018 Oct 01;2(10):1158-1169. Epub 2018-09-13.

    PubMed abstract

    ​Intensive residential treatment for severe obsessive-compulsive disorder: characterizing treatment course and predictors of response.

    Author(s): Brennan BP; Lee C; Elias JA; Crosby JM; Mathes BM; Andre MC; Gironda CM; Pope HG Jr; Jenike MA; Fitzmaurice GM; Hudson JI;

    ​J Psychiatr Res. 2014 Sep;56:98-105. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.05.008. Epub 2014 May 23.

    PubMed abstract

    ​Plasma signaling proteins in persons at genetic risk for Alzheimer disease: influence of APOE genotype.

    Author(s): Ringman JM; Elashoff D; Geschwind DH; Welsh BT; Gylys KH; Lee C; Cummings JL; Cole GM

    ​Arch Neurol. 2012 Jun;69(6):757-64. doi: 10.1001/archneurol.2012.277.

    PubMed abstract

    ​Estimating sample sizes for predementia Alzheimer's trials based on the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative

    Author(s): Grill JD; Di L; Lu PH; Lee C; Ringman J; Apostolova LG; Chow N; Kohannim O; Cummings JL; Thompson PM; Elashoff D; Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative

    ​Neurobiol Aging. 2013 Jan;34(1):62-72. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2012.03.006. Epub 2012 Apr 13.

    PubMed abstract

    ​Single-institution, multidisciplinary experience with surgical resection of primary chest wall sarcomas.

    Author(s): Kachroo P; Pak PS; Sandha HS; Lee C; Elashoff D; Nelson SD; Chmielowski B; Selch MT; Cameron RB; Holmes EC; Eilber FC; Lee JM

    ​J Thorac Oncol. 2012 Mar;7(3):552-8. doi: 10.1097/JTO.0b013e31824176df.

    PubMed abstract

    ​Dermatologic care in the homeless and underserved populations: observations from the Venice Family Clinic

    Author(s): Grossberg AL; Carranza D, Lamp; K, Chiu MW; Lee C; Craft N

    ​Cutis. 2012 Jan;89(1):25-32.

    PubMed abstract

    ​The MCCB impairment profile for schizophrenia outpatients: results from the MATRICS psychometric and standardization study

    Author(s): Kern RS; Gold JM; Dickinson D; Green MF; Nuechterlein KH; Baade LE; Keefe RS; Mesholam-Gately RI; Seidman LJ; Lee C; Sugar CA; Marder SR

    ​Schizophr Res. 2011 Mar;126(1-3):124-31. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2010.11.008. Epub 2010 Dec 14.

    PubMed abstract