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Tracy A. Lieu, MD, MPH

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Kaiser Permanente Division of Research
2000 Broadway
Oakland, CA 94612

(510) 891-3407 (phone)
tracy.lieu@kp.org
Kaiser Permanente Researcher Profiles


Tracy Lieu, MD, MPH, is Director of the Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California. She leads a department of 60+ faculty-level research scientists and 600+ staff whose mission is to transform health through research on the causes of disease and the best ways to deliver care for Kaiser Permanente members and for society. She guides leaders of large programs in delivery science, predictive analytics, genomic research, and clinical trials.

Nationally, Dr. Lieu has served on the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, and as chair of the NIH Health Services Organization and Delivery study section. She has also chaired and served on committees for the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Before her current role, she was the founding director of the Center for Healthcare Research in Pediatrics in the Department of Population Medicine at Harvard. She is an associate editor for JAMA.

Dr. Lieu is a practicing pediatrician who has led nationally recognized work in health care delivery for vaccines and childhood asthma. She is a professor in the Kaiser Permanente Bernard J. Tyson School of Medicine and an affiliate professor in the University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine. Dr. Lieu was elected to the National Academy of Medicine for her research in decision sciences and economic evaluation in health.


Current Position(s):

  • Director, Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California

Section Affiliations:

Primary Research Interests:

  • Child health services research
  • Effectiveness and delivery of primary care
  • Decision sciences, including decision analysis
  • Patient and parent preferences for outcomes of care
  • Economic evaluation
  • Vaccine safety, economics, and delivery
  • Asthma and lung diseases
  • Health policy and family-centered outcomes

    Strategies for optimizing video care in a diverse population

    This study will describe factors associated with the effective adoption of video visits in adult and family medicine after the start of the Covid-19 pandemic; identify medical centers and primary care physicians with higher-than-expected video visit rates after adjusting for patient demographics; and describe the strategies that account for their success.
    Investigator: Lieu, Tracy
    Funder: TPMG Delivery Science Projects Program

    Email Management Strategies and Stress Among Primary Care Physicians

    Email between patients and physicians has enhanced health care service but has made many primary care physicians feel overloaded. Many physicians multitask throughout the day by responding to email while seeing patients for in-person, telephone, and video visits. Many gaps in understanding exist about how to reduce stress associated with email in health care settings. The aims of this study are to 1) examine observed patterns of email management and multitasking based on computerized data, 2) describe the range of strategies physicians report using to manage email via a qualitative study, and 3) evaluate the extent to which email management patterns and strategies are associated with stress, as measured by self-report on a structured survey and heart-rate monitoring. This study's results will offer guidance on how physicians may reduce stress associated with email management. The findings will also inform the design of a future interventional study to facilitate effective email management.
    Investigator: Lieu, Tracy
    Funder: The Permanente Medical Group

    Association of Medical Assistant-Supported Virtual Rooming With Successful Video Visit Connections

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Warton EM; Levan C; San K; Hsueh L; Awsare S; Reed ME

    JAMA Intern Med. 2022 Apr 11.

    PubMed abstract

    Closing Evidence Gaps in Clinical Prevention: A Report From the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Wojtowicz A; Stratton K

    JAMA. 2022 Jan 27.

    PubMed abstract

    Applied Research and Development in Health Care - Time for a Frameshift

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Platt R

    N Engl J Med. 2017 Feb 23;376(8):710-713.

    PubMed abstract

    Geographic Clusters in Underimmunization and Vaccine Refusal

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Ray GT; Klein NP; Chung C; Kulldorff M

    Pediatrics. 2015 Feb;135(2):280-9. Epub 2015-01-19.

    PubMed abstract

    Real-time vaccine safety surveillance for the early detection of adverse events

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Kulldorff M; Davis RL; Lewis EM; Weintraub E; Yih K; Yin R; Brown JS; Platt R; for the Vaccine Safety Datalink Rapid Cycle Analysis Team

    Med Care. 2007 Oct;45(10 Supl 2):S89-95.

    PubMed abstract

    Association of Medical Assistant-Supported Virtual Rooming With Successful Video Visit Connections

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Warton EM; Levan C; San K; Hsueh L; Awsare S; Reed ME

    JAMA Intern Med. 2022 Apr 11.

    PubMed abstract

    Closing Evidence Gaps in Clinical Prevention: A Report From the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Wojtowicz A; Stratton K

    JAMA. 2022 Jan 27.

    PubMed abstract

    A prognostic information system for real-time personalized care: Lessons for embedded researchers

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Herrinton LJ; Neugebauer R; Van Den Eeden SK; Baer DM; et al.

    Healthc (Amst). 2021 Jun;8 Suppl 1:100486. Epub 2021-06-23.

    PubMed abstract

    DISCARDED MEDICATIONS IN VIALS ARE A SYMPTOM OF OUR HEALTH CARE SYSTEM: A CALL TO ACTION

    Author(s): Watanabe JH; Lieu T; Shortliffe EH

    J Manag Care Spec Pharm. 2021 May;27(5):689-690.

    PubMed abstract

    Physician Stress During Electronic Health Record Inbox Work: In Situ Measurement With Wearable Sensors

    Author(s): Akbar F; Mark G; Prausnitz S; Warton EM; East JA; Moeller MF; Reed ME; Lieu TA

    JMIR Med Inform. 2021 Apr 28;9(4):e24014. Epub 2021-04-28.

    PubMed abstract

    Evaluation of Attention Switching and Duration of Electronic Inbox Work Among Primary Care Physicians

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Warton EM; East JA; Moeller MF; Prausnitz S; Ballesca M; Mark G; Akbar F; Awsare S; Chen YI; Reed ME

    JAMA Netw Open. 2021 Jan 04;4(1):e2031856. Epub 2021-01-04.

    PubMed abstract

    Rethinking ethical oversight in the era of the learning health system

    Author(s): Asch DA; Joffe S; Bierer BE; Greene SM; Lieu TA; Platt JE; Whicher D; Ahmed M; Platt R

    Healthc (Amst). 2020 Dec;8(4):100462. Epub 2020-08-25.

    PubMed abstract

    Reinventing Pediatrics Through Video Care First

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Gizzi E; Lee ER

    JAMA Pediatr. 2020 Nov 02.

    PubMed abstract

    Physicians' electronic inbox work patterns and factors associated with high inbox work duration

    Author(s): Akbar F; Mark G; Warton EM; Reed ME; Prausnitz S; East JA; Moeller MF; Lieu TA

    J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2020 Oct 15.

    PubMed abstract

    Feasibility of Measuring Preferences for Chemotherapy Among Early-Stage Breast Cancer Survivors Using a Direct Rank Ordering Multicriteria Decision Analysis Versus a Time Trade-Off

    Author(s): Panattoni L; Phelps CE; Lieu TA; Alexeeff S; O'Neill S; Mandelblatt JS; Ramsey SD

    Patient. 2020 May 24.

    PubMed abstract

    Primary Care Physicians' Experiences With and Strategies for Managing Electronic Messages

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Altschuler A; Weiner JZ; East JA; Moeller MF; Prausnitz S; Reed ME; Warton EM; Goler N; Awsare S

    JAMA Netw Open. 2019 Dec 02;2(12):e1918287. Epub 2019-12-02.

    PubMed abstract

    Unbounded-Parent-Physician Communication in the Era of Portal Messaging

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Freed GL

    JAMA Pediatr. 2019 Jul 29.

    PubMed abstract

    Developing a Prognostic Information System for Personalized Care in Real Time

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Herrinton LJ; Liu L; Neugebauer R; Ng D; Prausnitz S; Van Den Eeden SK; Baer DM; et al.

    EGEMS (Wash DC). 2019 Mar 25;7(1):2. Epub 2019-03-25.

    PubMed abstract

    Strategies for Building Delivery Science in an Integrated Health Care System

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Madvig PR

    J Gen Intern Med. 2019 Jan 25.

    PubMed abstract

    The impact of gene expression profile testing on confidence in chemotherapy decisions and prognostic expectations

    Author(s): Panattoni L; Lieu TA; Jayasekera J; O'Neill S; Mandelblatt JS; Etzioni R; Phelps CE; Ramsey SD

    Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2018 Oct 10.

    PubMed abstract

    Data Enclaves for Sharing Information Derived From Clinical and Administrative Data

    Author(s): Platt R; Lieu T

    JAMA. 2018 Aug 28;320(8):753-754.

    PubMed abstract

    Cost Effectiveness of Gene Expression Profile Testing in Community Practice

    Author(s): Chandler Y; Schechter CB; Jayasekera J; Near A; O'Neill SC; Isaacs C; Phelps CE; Ray GT; Lieu TA; Ramsey S; Mandelblatt JS

    J Clin Oncol. 2018 Jan 08:JCO2017745034.

    PubMed abstract

    Racial disparities in family-provider interactions for pediatric asthma care

    Author(s): Trivedi M; Fung V; Kharbanda EO; Larkin EK; Butler MG; Horan K; Lieu TA; Wu AC

    J Asthma. 2017 Jul 14:1-6.

    PubMed abstract

    Applied Research and Development in Health Care - Time for a Frameshift

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Platt R

    N Engl J Med. 2017 Feb 23;376(8):710-713.

    PubMed abstract

    The impact of preterm birth

    Author(s): Lakshmanan A; Agni M; Lieu T; Fleegler E; Kipke M; Friedlich PS; McCormick MC; Belfort MB

    Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2017 Feb 16;15(1):38. Epub 2017-02-16.

    PubMed abstract

    Evaluating Frameworks That Provide Value Measures for Health Care Interventions

    Author(s): Mandelblatt JS; Ramsey SD; Lieu TA; Phelps CE

    Value Health. 2017 Feb;20(2):185-192.

    PubMed abstract

    Parental weighting of seizure risks vs. fever risks in vaccination tradeoff decisions

    Author(s): Zikmund-Fisher BJ; Wittenberg E; Lieu TA

    Vaccine. 2016 Dec 7;34(50):6123-6125. Epub 2016-11-3.

    PubMed abstract

    Parents' Perspectives on How to Improve the Childhood Vaccination Process

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Zikmund-Fisher BJ; Chou C; Ray GT; Wittenberg E

    Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2016 May 8.

    PubMed abstract

    Breast cancer multigene testing trends and impact on chemotherapy use

    Author(s): Ray GT; Mandelblatt J; Habel LA; Ramsey S; Kushi LH; Li Y; Lieu TA

    Am J Manag Care. 2016;22(5):e153-60. Epub 2016-05-01.

    PubMed abstract

    Building Data Infrastructure to Evaluate and Improve Quality: PCORnet

    Author(s): Corley DA; Feigelson HS; Lieu TA; McGlynn EA

    J Oncol Pract. 2015 May;11(3):204-6.

    PubMed abstract

    Asthma Treatments and Mental Health Visits After a Food and Drug Administration Label Change for Leukotriene Inhibitors

    Author(s): Lu CY; Zhang F; Lakoma MD; Butler MG; Fung V; Larkin EK; Kharbanda EO; Vollmer WM; Lieu T; Soumerai SB; Chen Wu A

    Clin Ther. 2015 Apr 25.

    PubMed abstract

    A Vaccine Study Design Selection Framework for the Postlicensure Rapid Immunization Safety Monitoring Program

    Author(s): Baker MA; Lieu TA; Li L; Hua W; Qiang Y; Kawai AT; Fireman BH; Martin DB; Nguyen MD

    Am J Epidemiol. 2015 Apr 15;181(8):608-18. Epub 2015-03-13.

    PubMed abstract

    Parents' Choices and Rationales for Alternative Vaccination Schedules: A Qualitative Study

    Author(s): Saada A; Lieu TA; Morain SR; Zikmund-Fisher BJ; Wittenberg E

    Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2015 Mar;54(3):236-43. Epub 2014-09-07.

    PubMed abstract

    Primary Adherence to Controller Medications for Asthma is Poor

    Author(s): Wu AC; Butler MG; Li L; Fung V; Kharbanda EO; Larkin EK; Vollmer WM; Miroshnik I; Davis RL; Lieu TA; Soumerai SB

    Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2015 Feb;12(2):161-6.

    PubMed abstract

    Geographic Clusters in Underimmunization and Vaccine Refusal

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Ray GT; Klein NP; Chung C; Kulldorff M

    Pediatrics. 2015 Feb;135(2):280-9. Epub 2015-01-19.

    PubMed abstract

    Responding to Vaccine Safety Signals during Pandemic Influenza: A Modeling Study

    Author(s): Maro JC; Fryback DG; Lieu TA; Lee GM; Martin DB

    PLoS ONE. 2014;9(12):e115553. Epub 2014-12-23.

    PubMed abstract

    Use of leukotriene receptor antagonists are associated with a similar risk of asthma exacerbations as inhaled corticosteroids

    Author(s): Wu AC; Li L; Fung V; Kharbanda EO; Larkin EK; Vollmer WM; Butler MG; Miroshnik I; Rusinak D; Davis RL; Hartert T; Weiss ST; Lieu TA

    J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2014 Sep-Oct;2(5):607-13. Epub 2014-07-25.

    PubMed abstract

    Developing a data infrastructure for a learning health system: the PORTAL network

    Author(s): McGlynn EA; Lieu TA; Durham ML; Bauck A; Laws R; Go AS; Chen J; Feigelson HS; Corley DA; Young DR; Nelson AF; Davidson AJ; Morales LS; Kahn MG

    J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Jul-Aug;21(4):596-601. Epub 2014-05-12.

    PubMed abstract

    Intussusception Risk after Rotavirus Vaccination in U.S. Infants

    Author(s): Yih WK; Lieu TA; Kulldorff M; Martin D; McMahill-Walraven CN; Platt R; Selvam N; Selvan M; Lee GM; Nguyen M

    N Engl J Med. 2014 Feb 6;370(6):503-12. Epub 2014-01-14.

    PubMed abstract

    Post-licensure rapid immunization safety monitoring program (PRISM) data characterization

    Author(s): Baker MA; Nguyen M; Cole DV; Lee GM; Lieu TA

    Vaccine. 2013 Dec 30;31 Suppl 10:K98-112.

    PubMed abstract

    Statin Exposure is Associated with Decreased Asthma-Related Emergency Department Visits and Oral Corticosteroid Use

    Author(s): Tse SM; Li L; Butler MG; Fung V; Kharbanda EO; Larkin EK; Vollmer WM; Miroshnik I; Rusinak D; Weiss ST; Lieu T; Wu AC

    Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013 Nov;188(9):1076-82.

    PubMed abstract

    Some Families Who Purchased Health Coverage Through The Massachusetts Connector Wound Up With High Financial Burdens

    Author(s): Galbraith AA; Sinaiko AD; Soumerai SB; Ross-Degnan D; Dutta-Linn MM; Lieu TA

    Health Aff (Millwood). 2013 May;32(5):974-83. Epub 2013-04-17.

    PubMed abstract

    The experience of massachusetts shows that consumers will need help in navigating insurance exchanges

    Author(s): Sinaiko AD; Ross-Degnan D; Soumerai SB; Lieu T; Galbraith A

    Health Aff (Millwood). 2013 Jan;32(1):78-86.

    PubMed abstract

    Success Of Program Linking Data Sources To Monitor H1N1 Vaccine Safety Points To Potential For Even Broader Safety Surveillance

    Author(s): Salmon D; Yih WK; Lee G; Rosofsky R; Brown J; Vannice K; Tokars J; Roddy J; Ball R; Gellin B; Lurie N; Koh H; Platt R; Lieu T; PRISM Program Group

    Health Aff (Millwood). 2012 Nov;31(11):2518-27.

    PubMed abstract

    Risk of Confirmed Guillain-Barre Syndrome Following Receipt of Monovalent Inactivated Influenza A (H1N1) and Seasonal Influenza Vaccines in the Vaccine Safety Datalink Project, 2009-2010

    Author(s): Greene SK; Rett M; Weintraub ES; Li L; Yin R; Amato AA; Ho DT; Sheikh SI; Fireman BH; Daley MF; Belongia EA; Jacobsen SJ; Baxter R; Lieu TA; Kulldorff M; Vellozzi C; Lee GM

    Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Jun 1;175(11):1100-9. Epub 2012 May 11.

    PubMed abstract

    Active surveillance for adverse events: the experience of the Vaccine Safety Datalink project

    Author(s): Yih WK; Kulldorff M; Fireman BH; Shui IM; Lewis EM; Klein NP; Baggs J; Weintraub ES; Belongia EA; Naleway A; Gee J; Platt R; Lieu TA

    Pediatrics. 2011 May;127 Suppl 1:S54-64. Epub 2011 Apr 18.

    PubMed abstract

    The Vaccine Safety Datalink: a model for monitoring immunization safety

    Author(s): Baggs J; Gee J; Lewis E; Fowler G; Benson P; Lieu T; Naleway A; Klein NP; Baxter R; Belongia E; Glanz J; Hambidge SJ; Jacobsen SJ; Jackson L; Nordin J; Weintraub E

    Pediatrics. 2011 May;127 Suppl 1:S45-53. Epub 2011 Apr 18.

    PubMed abstract

    Healthcare utilization and cost of pneumococcal disease in the United States

    Author(s): Huang SS; Johnson KM; Ray GT; Wroe P; Lieu TA; Moore MR; Zell ER; Linder JA; Grijalva CG; Metlay JP; Finkelstein JA

    Vaccine. 2011 Apr 18;29(18):3398-412. Epub 2011 Mar 11.

    PubMed abstract

    Near real-time surveillance for influenza vaccine safety: proof-of-concept in the Vaccine Safety Datalink Project

    Author(s): Greene SK; Kulldorff M; Lewis EM; Li R; Yin R; Weintraub ES; Fireman BH; Lieu TA; Nordin JD; Glanz JM; Baxter R; Jacobsen SJ; Broder KR; Lee GM

    Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Jan 15;171(2):177-88. Epub 2009 Dec 4.

    PubMed abstract

    New vaccines against otitis media: projected benefits and cost-effectiveness

    Author(s): O'Brien MA; Prosser LA; Paradise JL; Ray GT; Kulldorff M; Kurs-Lasky M; Hinrichsen VL; Mehta J; Colborn DK; Lieu TA

    Pediatrics. 2009 Jun;123(6):1452-63.

    PubMed abstract

    Willingness to pay for a QALY based on community member and patient preferences for temporary health states associated with herpes zoster

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Ray GT; Ortega-Sanchez IR; Kleinman K; Rusinak D; Prosser LA

    Pharmacoeconomics. 2009;27(12):1005-16.

    PubMed abstract

    Community and patient values for preventing herpes zoster

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Ortega-Sanchez I; Ray GT; Rusinak D; Yih WK; Choo PW; Shui I; Kleinman K; Harpaz R; Prosser LA

    Pharmacoeconomics. 2008;26(3):235-49.

    PubMed abstract

    Real-time vaccine safety surveillance for the early detection of adverse events

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Kulldorff M; Davis RL; Lewis EM; Weintraub E; Yih K; Yin R; Brown JS; Platt R; for the Vaccine Safety Datalink Rapid Cycle Analysis Team

    Med Care. 2007 Oct;45(10 Supl 2):S89-95.

    PubMed abstract

    Cultural competence policies and other predictors of asthma care quality for Medicaid-insured children

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Finkelstein JA; Lozano P; Capra AM; Chi FW; Jensvold N; Quesenberry CP; Farber HJ

    Pediatrics. 2004 Jul;114(1):e102-10.

    PubMed abstract

    Use of asthma medication dispensing patterns to predict risk of adverse health outcomes: a study of Medicaid-insured children in managed care programs

    Author(s): Farber HJ; Chi FW; Capra A; Jensvold NG; Finkelstein JA; Lozano P; Quesenberry CP Jr; Lieu TA

    Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2004 Mar;92(3):319-28.

    PubMed abstract

    A randomized controlled trial of test-and-treat strategy for Helicobacter pylori: clinical outcomes and health care costs in a managed care population receiving long-term acid suppression therapy for physician-diagnosed peptic ulcer disease

    Author(s): Allison JE; Hurley LB; Hiatt RA; Levin TR; Ackerson LM; Lieu TA

    Arch Intern Med. 2003 May 26;163(10):1165-71.

    PubMed abstract

    Misunderstanding of asthma controller medications: association with nonadherence

    Author(s): Farber HJ; Capra AM; Finkelstein JA; Lozano P; Quesenberry CP; Jensvold NG; Chi FW; Lieu TA

    J Asthma. 2003 Feb;40(1):17-25.

    PubMed abstract

    Racial/ethnic variation in asthma status and management practices among children in managed medicaid

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Lozano P; Finkelstein JA; Chi FW; Jensvold NG; Capra AM; Quesenberry CP; Selby JV; Farber HJ

    Pediatrics. 2002 May;109(5):857-65.

    PubMed abstract

    Variation in clinician recommendations for multiple injections during adoption of inactivated polio vaccine

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Davis RL; Capra AM; Mell LK; Quesenberry CP; Martin KE; Zavitkovsky A; Black SB; Shinefield HR; Thompson RS; Rodewald LE

    Pediatrics. 2001 Apr;107(4):E49.

    PubMed abstract

    Impact of the change in polio vaccination schedule on immunization coverage rates: a study in two large health maintenance organizations

    Author(s): Davis RL; Lieu TA; Mell LK; Capra AM; Zavitkovsky A; Quesenberry CP Jr; Black SB; Shinefield HR; Thompson RS; Rodewald LE

    Pediatrics. 2001 Apr;107(4):671-6.

    PubMed abstract

    Quality of life measurement clarifies the cost-effectiveness of Helicobacter pylori eradication in peptic ulcer disease and uninvestigated dyspepsia

    Author(s): Groeneveld PW; Lieu TA; Fendrick AM; Hurley LB; Ackerson LM; Levin TR; Allison JE

    Am J Gastroenterol. 2001 Feb;96(2):338-47.

    PubMed abstract

    A comparison of health care experiences for medicaid and commercially enrolled children in a large, nonprofit health maintenance organization

    Author(s): Newacheck PW; Lieu T; Kalkbrenner AE; Chi FW; Ray GT; Cohen JW; Weinick RM

    Ambul Pediatr. 2001 Jan-Feb;1(1):28-35.

    PubMed abstract

    The hidden costs of infant vaccination

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Black SB; Ray GT; Martin KE; Shinefield HR; Weniger BG

    Vaccine. 2000 Aug 15;19(1):33-41.

    PubMed abstract

    Comparing the medical expenses of children with Medicaid and commercial insurance in an HMO

    Author(s): Ray GT; Lieu T; Weinick RM; Cohen JW; Fireman B; Newacheck P

    Am J Manag Care. 2000 Jul;6(7):753-60.

    PubMed abstract

    Costs of otitis media in a managed care population

    Author(s): Capra AM; Lieu TA; Black SB; Shinefield HR; Martin KE; Klein JO

    Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2000 Apr;19(4):354-5.

    PubMed abstract

    Projected cost-effectiveness of pneumococcal conjugate vaccination of healthy infants and young children

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Ray GT; Black SB; Butler JC; Klein JO; Breiman RF; Miller MA; Shinefield HR

    JAMA. 2000 Mar 15;283(11):1460-8.

    PubMed abstract

    The cost of health conditions in a health maintenance organization

    Author(s): Ray GT; Collin F; Lieu T; Fireman B; Colby CJ; Quesenberry CP; Van Den Eeden SK; Selby JV

    Med Care Res Rev. 2000 Mar;57(1):92-109.

    PubMed abstract

    Rehospitalization for respiratory syncytial virus among premature infants

    Author(s): Joffe S; Escobar GJ; Black SB; Armstrong MA; Lieu TA

    Pediatrics. 1999 Oct;104(4 Pt 1):894-9.

    PubMed abstract

    Computer-based models to identify high-risk adults with asthma: is the glass half empty of half full?

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Capra AM; Quesenberry CP; Mendoza GR; Mazar M

    J Asthma. 1999 Jun;36(4):359-70.

    PubMed abstract

    The cost of medical care for patients with cystic fibrosis in a health maintenance organization

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Ray GT; Farmer G; Shay GF

    Pediatrics. 1999 Jun;103(6):e72.

    PubMed abstract

    Issues in studying the effectiveness of health services for children

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Newman TB

    Health Serv Res. 1998 Oct;33(4 Pt 2):1041-58.

    PubMed abstract

    Computer-based models to identify high-risk children with asthma

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Quesenberry CP; Sorel ME; Mendoza GR; Leong AB

    Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1998 Apr;157(4 Pt 1):1173-80.

    PubMed abstract

    Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of letters, automated telephone messages, or both for underimmunized children in a health maintenance organization

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Capra AM; Makol J; Black SB; Shinefield HR

    Pediatrics. 1998 Apr;101(4):E3.

    PubMed abstract

    Varicella serology among school age children with a negative or uncertain history of chickenpox

    Author(s): Lieu TA; Black SB; Takahashi H; Ray P; Capra AM; Shinefield HR; Adler NE

    Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1998 Feb;17(2):120-5.

    PubMed abstract