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Tracy A. Lieu, MD, MPH

tracy.lieu@kp.org

Kaiser Permanente Researcher Profiles

Tracy  Lieu, MD, MPH

Tracy Lieu, MD, MPH, is Director of the Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California. She leads a department of 67 faculty-level research scientists and more than 600 staff whose mission is to transform health through research on the causes of health and disease, and the best ways to deliver care for Kaiser Permanente members and for society.

At a national and international level, Dr. Lieu is an associate editor for JAMA. She served on the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, and has chaired committees for the National Institutes of Health and the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine. Dr. Lieu’s career includes roles at the University of California, San Francisco, Penn, and Harvard, where she was the founding director of the center now titled the Division of Child Health Research and Policy. She is a professor in the Bernard J. Tyson Kaiser Permanente School of Medicine and an affiliate professor in the UCSF School of Medicine. Dr. Lieu is a practicing pediatrician who has led seminal studies in vaccine safety and policy, decision sciences, and population health. She is an elected member of the National Academy of Medicine.

Current Positions

  • Director, Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California
  • Associate Editor, JAMA
  • Professor of Health Systems Science, Bernard J. Tyson Kaiser Permanente School of Medicine
  • Affiliate Professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco

Section Affiliations

Primary Research Interests

  • Child health services research
  • Effectiveness and delivery of primary care
  • Decision sciences, including decision analysis
  • Patient and parent preferences for outcomes of care
  • Economic evaluation
  • Vaccine safety, economics, and delivery
  • Asthma and lung diseases
  • Health policy and family-centered outcomes

Studies

Management of Paxlovid eVisits by Pharmacists and Primary Care Physicians

This study will compare pharmacist management of e-visit requests for Paxlovid for COVID-19 with usual care management by primary care physicians regarding costs, time, clinical outcomes, and patient and clinician satisfaction.

Investigator: Lieu, Tracy

Funder: TPMG Delivery Science Projects Program

Strategies for optimizing video care in a diverse population

This study will describe factors associated with the effective adoption of video visits in adult and family medicine after the start of the Covid-19 pandemic; identify medical centers and primary care physicians with higher-than-expected video visit rates after adjusting for patient demographics; and describe the strategies that account for their success.

Investigator: Lieu, Tracy

Funder: TPMG Delivery Science Projects Program

Email Management Strategies and Stress Among Primary Care Physicians

Email between patients and physicians has enhanced health care service but has made many primary care physicians feel overloaded. Many physicians multitask throughout the day by responding to email while seeing patients for in-person, telephone, and video visits. Many gaps in understanding exist about how to reduce stress associated with email in health care settings. The aims of this study are to 1) examine observed patterns of email management and multitasking based on computerized data, 2) describe the range of strategies physicians report using to manage email via a qualitative study, and 3) evaluate the extent to which email management patterns and strategies are associated with stress, as measured by self-report on a structured survey and heart-rate monitoring. This study’s results will offer guidance on how physicians may reduce stress associated with email management. The findings will also inform the design of a future interventional study to facilitate effective email management.

Investigator: Lieu, Tracy

Funder: The Permanente Medical Group

Publications

Changes in COVID-19 Vaccine Intent Among a Diverse Population of Older Adults, June 2021-February 2022

Authors: Durojaiye, Cimone; Prausnitz, Stephanie; Elkin, Eric P; Escobar, Patricia; Finn, Lucy; Chen, Yi-Fen Irene; Lieu, Tracy A

Perm J. 2022 Dec 19;26(4):78-84. Epub 2022-10-31.

PubMed abstract

Strategies Facilitating Video Visit Implementation by a Medical Group Serving a Diverse Population

Authors: Lieu, Tracy A; Altschuler, Andrea; Hsueh, Loretta; Warton, E Margaret; Levan, Christine; Dixon, Matthew; San, Karen; Awsare, Sameer; Chen, Yi-Fen Irene; Lee, Edward R; Reed, Mary E

Perm J. 2022 Sep 14;26(3):20-29. Epub 2022-07-20.

PubMed abstract

Association of Medical Assistant-Supported Virtual Rooming With Successful Video Visit Connections

Authors: Lieu, Tracy A; Warton, E Margaret; Levan, Christine; San, Karen; Hsueh, Loretta; Awsare, Sameer; Reed, Mary E

JAMA Intern Med. 2022 06 01;182(6):680-682.

PubMed abstract

Effect of Electronic and Mail Outreach From Primary Care Physicians for COVID-19 Vaccination of Black and Latino Older Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Authors: Lieu, Tracy A; Klein, Nicola P; Quesenberry, Charles P; Chen, Yi-Fen Irene; et al.

JAMA Netw Open. 2022 Jun 01;5(6):e2217004. Epub 2022-06-01.

PubMed abstract

Closing Evidence Gaps in Clinical Prevention: A Report From the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Authors: Lieu, Tracy A; Wojtowicz, Alexis; Stratton, Kathleen

JAMA. 2022 03 01;327(9):815-816.

PubMed abstract

A prognostic information system for real-time personalized care: Lessons for embedded researchers

Authors: Lieu, Tracy A; Neugebauer, Romain; Van Den Eeden, Stephen K; Baer, David M; et al.

Healthc (Amst). 2021 Jun;8 Suppl 1:100486. Epub 2021-06-23.

PubMed abstract

DISCARDED MEDICATIONS IN VIALS ARE A SYMPTOM OF OUR HEALTH CARE SYSTEM: A CALL TO ACTION

Authors: Watanabe, Jonathan H; Lieu, Tracy; Shortliffe, Edward H

J Manag Care Spec Pharm. 2021 May;27(5):689-690.

PubMed abstract

Physician Stress During Electronic Health Record Inbox Work: In Situ Measurement With Wearable Sensors

Authors: Akbar F; Mark G; Prausnitz S; Warton EM; East JA; Moeller MF; Reed ME; Lieu TA

JMIR Med Inform. 2021 Apr 28;9(4):e24014. Epub 2021-04-28.

PubMed abstract

Physicians’ electronic inbox work patterns and factors associated with high inbox work duration

Authors: Akbar, Fatema; Mark, Gloria; Warton, E Margaret; Reed, Mary E; Prausnitz, Stephanie; East, Jeffrey A; Moeller, Mark F; Lieu, Tracy A

J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2021 04 23;28(5):923-930.

PubMed abstract

Reinventing Pediatrics Through Video Care First

Authors: Lieu, Tracy A; Gizzi, Elio; Lee, Edward R

JAMA Pediatr. 2021 03 01;175(3):232-234.

PubMed abstract

Evaluation of Attention Switching and Duration of Electronic Inbox Work Among Primary Care Physicians

Authors: Lieu, Tracy A; Warton, E Margaret; East, Jeffrey A; Moeller, Mark F; Prausnitz, Stephanie; Ballesca, Manuel; Mark, Gloria; Akbar, Fatema; Awsare, Sameer; Chen, Yi-Fen Irene; Reed, Mary E

JAMA Netw Open. 2021 01 04;4(1):e2031856. Epub 2021-01-04.

PubMed abstract

Rethinking ethical oversight in the era of the learning health system

Authors: Asch, David A; Joffe, Steven; Bierer, Barbara E; Greene, Sarah M; Lieu, Tracy A; Platt, Jodyn E; Whicher, Danielle; Ahmed, Mahnoor; Platt, Richard

Healthc (Amst). 2020 Dec;8(4):100462. Epub 2020-08-25.

PubMed abstract

Feasibility of Measuring Preferences for Chemotherapy Among Early-Stage Breast Cancer Survivors Using a Direct Rank Ordering Multicriteria Decision Analysis Versus a Time Trade-Off

Authors: Panattoni L; Phelps CE; Lieu TA; Alexeeff S; O'Neill S; Mandelblatt JS; Ramsey SD

Patient. 2020 10;13(5):557-566.

PubMed abstract

Primary Care Physicians’ Experiences With and Strategies for Managing Electronic Messages

Authors: Lieu TA; Altschuler A; Weiner JZ; East JA; Moeller MF; Prausnitz S; Reed ME; Warton EM; Goler N; Awsare S

JAMA Netw Open. 2019 12 02;2(12):e1918287. Epub 2019-12-02.

PubMed abstract

Unbounded-Parent-Physician Communication in the Era of Portal Messaging

Authors: Lieu TA; Freed GL

JAMA Pediatr. 2019 Jul 29.

PubMed abstract

Strategies for Building Delivery Science in an Integrated Health Care System

Authors: Lieu TA; Madvig PR

J Gen Intern Med. 2019 06;34(6):1043-1047. Epub 2019-01-25.

PubMed abstract

Developing a Prognostic Information System for Personalized Care in Real Time

Authors: Lieu TA; Neugebauer R; Van Den Eeden SK; Baer DM; et al.

EGEMS (Wash DC). 2019 Mar 25;7(1):2. Epub 2019-03-25.

PubMed abstract

The impact of gene expression profile testing on confidence in chemotherapy decisions and prognostic expectations

Authors: Panattoni L; Lieu TA; Jayasekera J; O'Neill S; Mandelblatt JS; Etzioni R; Phelps CE; Ramsey SD

Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2019 Jan;173(2):417-427. Epub 2018-10-10.

PubMed abstract

Data Enclaves for Sharing Information Derived From Clinical and Administrative Data

Authors: Platt R; Lieu T

JAMA. 2018 08 28;320(8):753-754.

PubMed abstract

Racial disparities in family-provider interactions for pediatric asthma care

Authors: Trivedi M; Fung V; Kharbanda EO; Larkin EK; Butler MG; Horan K; Lieu TA; Wu AC

J Asthma. 2018 04;55(4):424-429. Epub 2017-07-14.

PubMed abstract

Cost Effectiveness of Gene Expression Profile Testing in Community Practice

Authors: Chandler Y; Schechter CB; Jayasekera J; Near A; O'Neill SC; Isaacs C; Phelps CE; Ray GT; Lieu TA; Ramsey S; Mandelblatt JS

J Clin Oncol. 2018 02 20;36(6):554-562. Epub 2018-01-08.

PubMed abstract

Impact of Copayment Changes on Children’s Albuterol Inhaler Use and Costs after the Clean Air Act Chlorofluorocarbon Ban

Authors: Galbraith AA; Fung V; Li L; Butler MG; Nordin JD; Hsu J; Smith D; Vollmer WM; Lieu TA; Soumerai SB; Wu AC

Health Serv Res. 2018 02;53(1):156-174. Epub 2016-11-20.

PubMed abstract

Parents’ Perspectives on How to Improve the Childhood Vaccination Process

Authors: Lieu TA; Zikmund-Fisher BJ; Chou C; Ray GT; Wittenberg E

Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2017 Mar;56(3):238-246. Epub 2016-07-20.

PubMed abstract

Applied Research and Development in Health Care – Time for a Frameshift

Authors: Lieu TA; Platt R

N Engl J Med. 2017 Feb 23;376(8):710-713.

PubMed abstract

The impact of preterm birth <37 weeks on parents and families: a cross-sectional study in the 2 years after discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit

Authors: Lakshmanan A; Agni M; Lieu T; Fleegler E; Kipke M; Friedlich PS; McCormick MC; Belfort MB

Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2017 Feb 16;15(1):38. Epub 2017-02-16.

PubMed abstract

Evaluating Frameworks That Provide Value Measures for Health Care Interventions

Authors: Mandelblatt JS; Ramsey SD; Lieu TA; Phelps CE

Value Health. 2017 Feb;20(2):185-192.

PubMed abstract

Parental weighting of seizure risks vs. fever risks in vaccination tradeoff decisions

Authors: Zikmund-Fisher BJ; Wittenberg E; Lieu TA

Vaccine. 2016 Dec 07;34(50):6123-6125. Epub 2016-11-03.

PubMed abstract

Mismatching Among Guidelines, Providers, and Parents on Controller Medication Use in Children With Asthma

Authors: Wu AC; Li L; Fung V; Kharbanda EO; Larkin EK; Butler MG; Galbraith A; Miroshnik I; Davis RL; Horan K; Lieu TA

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2016 Sep-Oct;4(5):910-6. Epub 2016-05-17.

PubMed abstract

Breast cancer multigene testing trends and impact on chemotherapy use

Authors: Ray GT; Mandelblatt J; Habel LA; Ramsey S; Kushi LH; Li Y; Lieu TA

Am J Manag Care. 2016 May 01;22(5):e153-60. Epub 2016-05-01.

PubMed abstract

Building a Governance Strategy for CER: The Patient Outcomes Research to Advance Learning (PORTAL) Network Experience

Authors: Paolino AR; McGlynn EA; Lieu T; Nelson AF; Prausnitz S; Horberg MA; Arterburn DE; Gould MK; Laws RL; Steiner JF

EGEMS (Wash DC). 2016;4(2):1216. Epub 2016-03-28.

PubMed abstract

Asthma Treatments and Mental Health Visits After a Food and Drug Administration Label Change for Leukotriene Inhibitors

Authors: Lu CY; Zhang F; Lakoma MD; Butler MG; Fung V; Larkin EK; Kharbanda EO; Vollmer WM; Lieu T; Soumerai SB; Chen Wu A

Clin Ther. 2015 Jun 1;37(6):1280-91. Epub 2015-04-25.

PubMed abstract

Building Data Infrastructure to Evaluate and Improve Quality: PCORnet

Authors: Corley DA; Feigelson HS; Lieu TA; McGlynn EA

J Oncol Pract. 2015 May;11(3):204-6.

PubMed abstract

A Vaccine Study Design Selection Framework for the Postlicensure Rapid Immunization Safety Monitoring Program

Authors: Baker MA; Lieu TA; Li L; Hua W; Qiang Y; Kawai AT; Fireman BH; Martin DB; Nguyen MD

Am J Epidemiol. 2015 Apr 15;181(8):608-18. Epub 2015-03-13.

PubMed abstract

Parents’ Choices and Rationales for Alternative Vaccination Schedules: A Qualitative Study

Authors: Saada A; Lieu TA; Morain SR; Zikmund-Fisher BJ; Wittenberg E

Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2015 Mar;54(3):236-43. Epub 2014-09-07.

PubMed abstract

Primary Adherence to Controller Medications for Asthma is Poor

Authors: Wu AC; Butler MG; Li L; Fung V; Kharbanda EO; Larkin EK; Vollmer WM; Miroshnik I; Davis RL; Lieu TA; Soumerai SB

Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2015 Feb;12(2):161-6.

PubMed abstract

Geographic Clusters in Underimmunization and Vaccine Refusal

Authors: Lieu TA; Ray GT; Klein NP; Chung C; Kulldorff M

Pediatrics. 2015 Feb;135(2):280-9. Epub 2015-01-19.

PubMed abstract

Use of leukotriene receptor antagonists are associated with a similar risk of asthma exacerbations as inhaled corticosteroids

Authors: Wu AC; Lieu TA; et al.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2014 Sep-Oct;2(5):607-13. Epub 2014-07-25.

PubMed abstract

Developing a data infrastructure for a learning health system: the PORTAL network

Authors: McGlynn EA; Lieu TA; Go AS; Corley DA; Kahn MG; et al.

J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Jul-Aug;21(4):596-601. Epub 2014-05-12.

PubMed abstract

Intussusception Risk after Rotavirus Vaccination in U.S. Infants

Authors: Yih WK; Lieu TA; Kulldorff M; Martin D; McMahill-Walraven CN; Platt R; Selvam N; Selvan M; Lee GM; Nguyen M

N Engl J Med. 2014 Feb 6;370(6):503-12. Epub 2014-01-14.

PubMed abstract

Responding to Vaccine Safety Signals during Pandemic Influenza: A Modeling Study

Authors: Maro JC; Fryback DG; Lieu TA; Lee GM; Martin DB

PLoS ONE. 2014;9(12):e115553. Epub 2014-12-23.

PubMed abstract

Post-licensure rapid immunization safety monitoring program (PRISM) data characterization

Authors: Baker MA; Nguyen M; Cole DV; Lee GM; Lieu TA

Vaccine. 2013 Dec 30;31 Suppl 10:K98-112.

PubMed abstract

Statin Exposure is Associated with Decreased Asthma-Related Emergency Department Visits and Oral Corticosteroid Use

Authors: Tse SM; Lieu T; Wu AC; et al.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013 Nov;188(9):1076-82.

PubMed abstract

Some Families Who Purchased Health Coverage Through The Massachusetts Connector Wound Up With High Financial Burdens

Authors: Galbraith AA; Sinaiko AD; Soumerai SB; Ross-Degnan D; Dutta-Linn MM; Lieu TA

Health Aff (Millwood). 2013 May;32(5):974-83. Epub 2013-04-17.

PubMed abstract

The experience of massachusetts shows that consumers will need help in navigating insurance exchanges

Authors: Sinaiko AD; Ross-Degnan D; Soumerai SB; Lieu T; Galbraith A

Health Aff (Millwood). 2013 Jan;32(1):78-86.

PubMed abstract

Success Of Program Linking Data Sources To Monitor H1N1 Vaccine Safety Points To Potential For Even Broader Safety Surveillance

Authors: Salmon D; Lieu T; PRISM Program Group; et al.

Health Aff (Millwood). 2012 Nov;31(11):2518-27.

PubMed abstract

Risk of Confirmed Guillain-Barre Syndrome Following Receipt of Monovalent Inactivated Influenza A (H1N1) and Seasonal Influenza Vaccines in the Vaccine Safety Datalink Project, 2009-2010

Authors: Greene SK; Fireman BH; Lee GM; et al.

Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Jun 1;175(11):1100-9. Epub 2012 May 11.

PubMed abstract

The Vaccine Safety Datalink: a model for monitoring immunization safety

Authors: Baggs J; Klein NP; Weintraub E; et al.

Pediatrics. 2011 May;127 Suppl 1:S45-53. Epub 2011 Apr 18.

PubMed abstract

Active surveillance for adverse events: the experience of the Vaccine Safety Datalink project

Authors: Yih WK; Fireman BH; Klein NP; Lieu TA; et al.

Pediatrics. 2011 May;127 Suppl 1:S54-64. Epub 2011 Apr 18.

PubMed abstract

Healthcare utilization and cost of pneumococcal disease in the United States

Authors: Huang SS; Johnson KM; Ray GT; Wroe P; Lieu TA; Moore MR; Zell ER; Linder JA; Grijalva CG; Metlay JP; Finkelstein JA

Vaccine. 2011 Apr 18;29(18):3398-412. Epub 2011 Mar 11.

PubMed abstract

Near real-time surveillance for influenza vaccine safety: proof-of-concept in the Vaccine Safety Datalink Project

Authors: Greene SK; Fireman BH; Lee GM; et al.

Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Jan 15;171(2):177-88. Epub 2009 Dec 4.

PubMed abstract

New vaccines against otitis media: projected benefits and cost-effectiveness

Authors: O'Brien MA; Prosser LA; Paradise JL; Ray GT; Kulldorff M; Kurs-Lasky M; Hinrichsen VL; Mehta J; Colborn DK; Lieu TA

Pediatrics. 2009 Jun;123(6):1452-63.

PubMed abstract

Willingness to pay for a QALY based on community member and patient preferences for temporary health states associated with herpes zoster

Authors: Lieu TA; Ray GT; Ortega-Sanchez IR; Kleinman K; Rusinak D; Prosser LA

Pharmacoeconomics. 2009;27(12):1005-16.

PubMed abstract

Community and patient values for preventing herpes zoster

Authors: Lieu TA; Ortega-Sanchez I; Ray GT; Rusinak D; Yih WK; Choo PW; Shui I; Kleinman K; Harpaz R; Prosser LA

Pharmacoeconomics. 2008;26(3):235-49.

PubMed abstract

Real-time vaccine safety surveillance for the early detection of adverse events

Authors: Lieu TA; Kulldorff M; Davis RL; Lewis EM; Weintraub E; Yih K; Yin R; Brown JS; Platt R; for the Vaccine Safety Datalink Rapid Cycle Analysis Team

Med Care. 2007 Oct;45(10 Supl 2):S89-95.

PubMed abstract

Cultural competence policies and other predictors of asthma care quality for Medicaid-insured children

Authors: Lieu TA; Finkelstein JA; Lozano P; Capra AM; Chi FW; Jensvold N; Quesenberry CP; Farber HJ

Pediatrics. 2004 Jul;114(1):e102-10.

PubMed abstract

Use of asthma medication dispensing patterns to predict risk of adverse health outcomes: a study of Medicaid-insured children in managed care programs

Authors: Farber HJ; Chi FW; Capra A; Jensvold NG; Finkelstein JA; Lozano P; Quesenberry CP Jr; Lieu TA

Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2004 Mar;92(3):319-28.

PubMed abstract

A randomized controlled trial of test-and-treat strategy for Helicobacter pylori: clinical outcomes and health care costs in a managed care population receiving long-term acid suppression therapy for physician-diagnosed peptic ulcer disease

Authors: Allison JE; Hurley LB; Hiatt RA; Levin TR; Ackerson LM; Lieu TA

Arch Intern Med. 2003 May 26;163(10):1165-71.

PubMed abstract

Misunderstanding of asthma controller medications: association with nonadherence

Authors: Farber HJ; Capra AM; Finkelstein JA; Lozano P; Quesenberry CP; Jensvold NG; Chi FW; Lieu TA

J Asthma. 2003 Feb;40(1):17-25.

PubMed abstract

Racial/ethnic variation in asthma status and management practices among children in managed medicaid

Authors: Lieu TA; Lozano P; Finkelstein JA; Chi FW; Jensvold NG; Capra AM; Quesenberry CP; Selby JV; Farber HJ

Pediatrics. 2002 May;109(5):857-65.

PubMed abstract

Impact of the change in polio vaccination schedule on immunization coverage rates: a study in two large health maintenance organizations

Authors: Davis RL; Lieu TA; Mell LK; Capra AM; Zavitkovsky A; Quesenberry CP Jr; Black SB; Shinefield HR; Thompson RS; Rodewald LE

Pediatrics. 2001 Apr;107(4):671-6.

PubMed abstract

Variation in clinician recommendations for multiple injections during adoption of inactivated polio vaccine

Authors: Lieu TA; Davis RL; Capra AM; Mell LK; Quesenberry CP; Martin KE; Zavitkovsky A; Black SB; Shinefield HR; Thompson RS; Rodewald LE

Pediatrics. 2001 Apr;107(4):E49.

PubMed abstract

Quality of life measurement clarifies the cost-effectiveness of Helicobacter pylori eradication in peptic ulcer disease and uninvestigated dyspepsia

Authors: Groeneveld PW; Lieu TA; Fendrick AM; Hurley LB; Ackerson LM; Levin TR; Allison JE

Am J Gastroenterol. 2001 Feb;96(2):338-47.

PubMed abstract

A comparison of health care experiences for medicaid and commercially enrolled children in a large, nonprofit health maintenance organization

Authors: Newacheck PW; Lieu T; Kalkbrenner AE; Chi FW; Ray GT; Cohen JW; Weinick RM

Ambul Pediatr. 2001 Jan-Feb;1(1):28-35.

PubMed abstract

The hidden costs of infant vaccination

Authors: Lieu TA; Black SB; Ray GT; Martin KE; Shinefield HR; Weniger BG

Vaccine. 2000 Aug 15;19(1):33-41.

PubMed abstract

Comparing the medical expenses of children with Medicaid and commercial insurance in an HMO

Authors: Ray GT; Lieu T; Weinick RM; Cohen JW; Fireman B; Newacheck P

Am J Manag Care. 2000 Jul;6(7):753-60.

PubMed abstract

Costs of otitis media in a managed care population

Authors: Capra AM; Lieu TA; Black SB; Shinefield HR; Martin KE; Klein JO

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2000 Apr;19(4):354-5.

PubMed abstract

Projected cost-effectiveness of pneumococcal conjugate vaccination of healthy infants and young children

Authors: Lieu TA; Ray GT; Black SB; Butler JC; Klein JO; Breiman RF; Miller MA; Shinefield HR

JAMA. 2000 Mar 15;283(11):1460-8.

PubMed abstract

The cost of health conditions in a health maintenance organization

Authors: Ray GT; Collin F; Lieu T; Fireman B; Colby CJ; Quesenberry CP; Van Den Eeden SK; Selby JV

Med Care Res Rev. 2000 Mar;57(1):92-109.

PubMed abstract

Rehospitalization for respiratory syncytial virus among premature infants

Authors: Joffe S; Escobar GJ; Black SB; Armstrong MA; Lieu TA

Pediatrics. 1999 Oct;104(4 Pt 1):894-9.

PubMed abstract

The cost of medical care for patients with cystic fibrosis in a health maintenance organization

Authors: Lieu TA; Ray GT; Farmer G; Shay GF

Pediatrics. 1999 Jun;103(6):e72.

PubMed abstract

Computer-based models to identify high-risk adults with asthma: is the glass half empty of half full?

Authors: Lieu TA; Capra AM; Quesenberry CP; Mendoza GR; Mazar M

J Asthma. 1999 Jun;36(4):359-70.

PubMed abstract

Issues in studying the effectiveness of health services for children

Authors: Lieu TA; Newman TB

Health Serv Res. 1998 Oct;33(4 Pt 2):1041-58.

PubMed abstract

Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of letters, automated telephone messages, or both for underimmunized children in a health maintenance organization

Authors: Lieu TA; Capra AM; Makol J; Black SB; Shinefield HR

Pediatrics. 1998 Apr;101(4):E3.

PubMed abstract

Computer-based models to identify high-risk children with asthma

Authors: Lieu TA; Quesenberry CP; Sorel ME; Mendoza GR; Leong AB

Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1998 Apr;157(4 Pt 1):1173-80.

PubMed abstract

Varicella serology among school age children with a negative or uncertain history of chickenpox

Authors: Lieu TA; Black SB; Takahashi H; Ray P; Capra AM; Shinefield HR; Adler NE

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1998 Feb;17(2):120-5.

PubMed abstract

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