There is an unmet clinical need to better understand the impact of lifestyle choices with respect to diet and nutrition in high-risk heart failure patients who have been recently hospitalized. We will conduct a survey-based project using a combination of questionnaires to assess 4 clinically relevant domains: food access and security, dietary composition and quality, nutritional awareness and understanding, and attitudes toward nutrition-related research. The survey itself will take no more than 15 to 30 minutes to complete and will be administered via telephone to 1,000 consecutive patients recently hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of heart failure who are responsible for their own meal planning. In addition to the survey elements, outcomes of interest will include subsequent heart failure hospitalization, all-cause hospitalization, and mortality occurring within 30 days. These outcomes will be passively collected via Kaiser Permanente HealthConnect electronic health records.