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Yeyi Zhu, PhD

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Kaiser Permanente Division of Research
2000 Broadway
Oakland, CA 94612

(510) 891-5937  (phone)
yeyi.zhu@kp.org


Yeyi Zhu, PhD, is a Research Scientist I (equivalent to Assistant Professor in a university setting) at Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research. She received her bachelor's degree in Biological Sciences from Fudan University, Shanghai, China, and master's degree in Statistics and PhD in Nutritional Sciences from The University of Texas at Austin. Dr. Zhu completed her postdoctoral training on nutritional and environmental epidemiology with an intramural research training award at Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health And Human Development (NICHD), NIH.

In August 2016, Dr. Zhu joined the Division of Research to expand the scale and generalizability of her work in real-world health care settings serving over 4 million members. Dr. Zhu's research interests are at the interface of disease etiology and prevention strategies in the arena of women's and children's health across the lifespan. She has conducted etiological investigations to identify pre-diagnostic markers for gestational diabetes and risk factors for its progression to type 2 diabetes, as well as the respective underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. She has also investigated the impact of high-dimensional in-utero air pollution exposures (i.e., criteria air pollutants and air toxics) on adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. Furthermore, she applies a life course approach to examine the developmental origins of cardiometabolic impairments of offspring exposed to nonoptimal intrauterine environment by integrating 'omics technologies, high-dimensional electronic health records, and "big data" analytics tools, which may inform upstream preventive strategies to interrupt the vicious intergenerational cycle of obesity and its related comorbidities across the lifespan.

Current Position(s):

  • Research Scientist I, Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California

Section Affiliations:

Primary Research Interests:

  • Developmental origins of metabolic impairments
  • Gestational diabetes and type 2 diabetes
  • Fetal growth and childhood obesity
  • Nutrition in critical windows of development
  • Prenatal exposure to environmental hazards

Related Website(s):

Risk Prediction of Gestational Diabetes Treatment Modalities Utilizing Clinical and Laboratory Data in the EHR

This study will utilize data from the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Gestational Diabetes and Pregnancy Glucose Tolerance Registry for a cohort of 25,000 women diagnosed with gestational diabetes. The goal is to determine whether clinical and laboratory factors can be utilized to predict treatment modalities for this disease (insulin versus glyburide and/or medical nutrition therapy). NIH-funded UCSF-Kaiser Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health (K12) grant.
Investigator: Zhu, Yeyi
Funder: National Institutes of Health

​Ambient air pollution and risk of gestational hypertension

Author(s): Zhu Y; Zhang C; Liu D; Ha S; Kim SS; Pollack A; Mendola P;

​Am J Epidemiol. 2017 May 4. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwx097. [Epub ahead of print]

PubMed abstract

​Insulin-Like Growth Factor Axis and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Longitudinal Study in a Multiracial Cohort

Author(s): Zhu Y; Mendola P; Albert PS; Bao W; Hinkle SN; Tsai MY; Zhang C;

​Diabetes. 2016 Nov;65(11):3495-3504. Epub 2016 Jul 28.

PubMed abstract

​​Growth and obesity through the first 7 years of life in association with levels of maternal glycemia during pregnancy: a prospective cohort study

Author(s): Zhu Y; Olsen SF; Mendola P; Yeung EH; Vaag A; Bowers K; Liu A; Bao W; Li S; Madsen C; Grunnet LG; Granström C; Hansen S; Martin K; Chavarro JE; Hu FB; Langhoff-Roos J; Damm P; Zhang C;

​Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 Mar;103(3):794-800. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.115.121780. Epub 2016 Jan 27.

PubMed abstract

​Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes and Risk of Progression to Type 2 Diabetes: A Global Perspective

Author(s): Zhu Y; Zhang C;

​Curr Diab Rep. 2016 Jan;16(1):7. doi: 10.1007/s11892-015-0699-x.

PubMed abstract

A Longitudinal Study of Thyroid Markers across Pregnancy and the Risk of Gestational Diabetes

Author(s): Rawal S; Zhu Y; Zhang C; et al.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018 Jun 07.

PubMed abstract

A prospective and longitudinal study of plasma phospholipid saturated fatty acid profile in relation to cardiometabolic biomarkers and the risk of gestational diabetes

Author(s): Zhu Y; Tsai MY; Sun Q; Hinkle SN; Rawal S; Mendola P; Ferrara A; Albert PS; Zhang C

Am J Clin Nutr. 2018 Jun 01;107(6):1017-1026.

PubMed abstract

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Renal Function: A Prospective Study With 9- to 16-Year Follow-up After Pregnancy

Author(s): Rawal S; Zhu Y; Zhang C; et al.

Diabetes Care. 2018 May 04.

PubMed abstract

Acute Associations between Outdoor Temperature and Premature Rupture of Membranes

Author(s): Ha S; Liu D; Zhu Y; Sherman S; Mendola P

Epidemiology. 2017 Oct 30.

PubMed abstract

Offspring risk of obesity in childhood, adolescence and adulthood in relation to gestational diabetes mellitus: a sex-specific association

Author(s): Li S; Zhu Y; Yeung E; Chavarro JE; Yuan C; Field AE; Missmer SA; Mills JL; Hu FB; Zhang C

Int J Epidemiol. 2017 Aug 09.

PubMed abstract

Chronic and Acute Ozone Exposure in the Week Prior to Delivery Is Associated with the Risk of Stillbirth

Author(s): Mendola P; Ha S; Pollack AZ; Zhu Y; Seeni I; Kim SS; Sherman S; Liu D

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017 Jul 06;14(7). Epub 2017-07-06.

PubMed abstract

Maternal dietary intakes of refined grains during pregnancy and growth through the first 7 y of life among children born to women with gestational diabetes

Author(s): Zhu Y; Olsen SF; Mendola P; Halldorsson TI; Yeung EH; Granstr�m C; Bjerregaard AA; Wu J; Rawal S; Chavarro JE; Hu FB; Zhang C

Am J Clin Nutr. 2017 Jul;106(1):96-104. Epub 2017-06-07.

PubMed abstract

Maternal consumption of artificially sweetened beverages during pregnancy, and offspring growth through 7 years of age: a prospective cohort study

Author(s): Zhu Y; Olsen SF; Mendola P; Halldorsson TI; Rawal S; Hinkle SN; Yeung EH; Chavarro JE; Grunnet LG; Granstr�m C; Bjerregaard AA; Hu FB; Zhang C

Int J Epidemiol. 2017 Jun 06.

PubMed abstract

Validation of Self-Reported Diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes at Six Weeks Postpartum

Author(s): Hinkle SN; Rawal S; Zhu Y; Grewal J; Albert PS; Zhang C

Epidemiology. 2017 May 31.

PubMed abstract

​Ambient air pollution and risk of gestational hypertension

Author(s): Zhu Y; Zhang C; Liu D; Ha S; Kim SS; Pollack A; Mendola P;

​Am J Epidemiol. 2017 May 4. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwx097. [Epub ahead of print]

PubMed abstract

​Ambient temperature and air quality in relation to small for gestational age and term low birthweight.

Author(s): Ha S; Zhu Y; Liu D; Sherman S; Mendola P;

Environ Res. 2017 May;155:394-400. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2017.02.021. Epub 2017 Mar 1.

PubMed abstract

The Pregnancy Environment and Lifestyle Study (PETALS); a population-based longitudinal multi-racial birth cohort

Author(s): Zhu Y; Hedderson MM; Feng J; Mevi AA; Ferrara A

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2017 Apr 17;17(1):122. Epub 2017-04-17.

PubMed abstract

​A longitudinal study of sleep duration in pregnancy and subsequent risk of gestational diabetes: findings from a prospective, multiracial cohort.

Author(s): Rawal S; Hinkle SN; Zhu Y; Albert PS; Zhang C;

​Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Apr;216(4):399.e1-399.e8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2016.11.1051. Epub 2016 Dec 9.

PubMed abstract

Racial/ethnic differences in preterm perinatal outcomes.

Author(s): Wallace ME; Mendola P; Kim SS; Epps N; Chen Z; Smarr M; Hinkle SN; Zhu Y; Grantz KL;

​Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Mar;216(3):306.e1-306.e12. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2016.11.1026. Epub 2016 Nov 16.

PubMed abstract

Ambient Temperature and Early Delivery of Singleton Pregnancies.

Author(s): Ha S; Liu D; Zhu Y; Kim SS; Sherman S; Mendola P.

​Environ Health Perspect. 2017 Mar;125(3):453-459. doi: 10.1289/EHP97. Epub 2016 Aug 31.

PubMed abstract

Spontaneous and indicated preterm delivery risk is increased among overweight and obese women without prepregnancy chronic disease

Author(s): Kim SS; Mendola P; Zhu Y; Hwang BS; Grantz KL

BJOG. 2017 Feb 24.

PubMed abstract

​A longitudinal study of iron status during pregnancy and the risk of gestational diabetes: findings from a prospective, multiracial cohort.

Author(s): Rawal S; Hinkle SN; Bao W; Zhu Y; Grewal J; Albert PS; Weir NL; Tsai MY; Zhang C;

​Diabetologia. 2017 Feb;60(2):249-257. doi: 10.1007/s00125-016-4149-3. Epub 2016 Nov 10.

PubMed abstract

Proximity to major roadways and prospectively-measured time-to-pregnancy and infertility.

Author(s): Mendola P; Sundaram R; Louis GMB; Sun L; Wallace ME; Smarr MM; Sherman S; Zhu Y; Ying Q; Liu D;

​Sci Total Environ. 2017 Jan 15;576:172-177. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.10.038. Epub 2016 Oct 23.

PubMed abstract

​A longitudinal study of depression and gestational diabetes in pregnancy and the postpartum period

Author(s): Hinkle SN; Buck Louis GM; Rawal S; Zhu Y; Albert PS; Zhang C

​​Diabetologia. 2016 Dec;59(12):2594-2602. Epub 2016 Sep 19.

PubMed abstract

​Insulin-Like Growth Factor Axis and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Longitudinal Study in a Multiracial Cohort

Author(s): Zhu Y; Mendola P; Albert PS; Bao W; Hinkle SN; Tsai MY; Zhang C;

​Diabetes. 2016 Nov;65(11):3495-3504. Epub 2016 Jul 28.

PubMed abstract

Obstetric and Neonatal Risks Among Obese Women Without Chronic Disease.

Author(s): Kim SS; Zhu Y; Grantz KL; Hinkle SN; Chen Z; Wallace ME; Smarr MM; Epps NM; Mendola P

Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Jul;128(1):104-12. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000001465.

PubMed abstract

​Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Premature Rupture of Membranes.

Author(s): Wallace ME; Grantz KL; Liu D; Zhu Y; Kim SS; Mendola P

Am J Epidemiol. 2016 Jun 15;183(12):1114-21. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwv284. Epub 2016 May 17.

PubMed abstract

Dietary Patterns and the Risk of Hypertension Among Women With a History of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus; A Prospective Cohort Study.

Author(s): Li S; Zhu Y; Chavarro JE; Bao W; Tobias DK; Ley SH; Forman JP; Liu A; Mills J; Bowers K; Strøm M; Hansen S; Hu FB; Zhang C

​Hypertension. 2016 Jun;67(6):1157-65. doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.115.06747. Epub 2016 Apr 18.

PubMed abstract

Age at Menarche and Risk of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus; A Prospective Cohort Study Among 27,482 Women.

Author(s): Chen L; Li S; He C; Zhu Y; Buck Louis GM; Yeung E; Hu FB; Zhang C

Diabetes Care. 2016 Mar;39(3):469-71. doi: 10.2337/dc15-2011. Epub 2016 Jan 26.

PubMed abstract

​Predictive Models for Characterizing Disparities in Exclusive Breastfeeding Performance in a Multi-ethnic Population in the US.

Author(s): Zhu Y; Hernandez LM; Mueller P; Dong Y; Hirschfeld S; Forman MR;

Matern Child Health J. 2016 Feb;20(2):398-407. doi: 10.1007/s10995-015-1838-3.

PubMed abstract

​​Growth and obesity through the first 7 years of life in association with levels of maternal glycemia during pregnancy: a prospective cohort study

Author(s): Zhu Y; Olsen SF; Mendola P; Yeung EH; Vaag A; Bowers K; Liu A; Bao W; Li S; Madsen C; Grunnet LG; Granström C; Hansen S; Martin K; Chavarro JE; Hu FB; Langhoff-Roos J; Damm P; Zhang C;

​Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 Mar;103(3):794-800. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.115.121780. Epub 2016 Jan 27.

PubMed abstract

​Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes and Risk of Progression to Type 2 Diabetes: A Global Perspective

Author(s): Zhu Y; Zhang C;

​Curr Diab Rep. 2016 Jan;16(1):7. doi: 10.1007/s11892-015-0699-x.

PubMed abstract

Low Carbohydrate-Diet Scores and Long-term Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Among Women With a History of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus; A Prospective Cohort Study.

Author(s): Bao W; Li S; Chavarro JE; Tobias DK; Zhu Y; Hu FB; Zhang C

Diabetes Care. 2016 Jan;39(1):43-9. doi: 10.2337/dc15-1642. Epub 2015 Nov 17.

PubMed abstract

Maternal ambient air pollution exposure preconception and during early gestation and offspring congenital orofacial defects.

Author(s): Zhu Y; Zhang C; Liu D; Grantz KL; Wallace M; Mendola P

Environ Res. 2015 Jul;140:714-20. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2015.06.002. Epub 2015 Jun 20.

PubMed abstract

Longer breastfeeding duration reduces the positive relationships among gestational weight gain, birth weight and childhood anthropometrics.

Author(s): Zhu Y; Hernandez LM; Dong Y; Himes JH; Hirschfeld S; Forman MR

J Epidemiol Community Health. 2015 Jul;69(7):632-8. doi: 10.1136/jech-2014-204794. Epub 2015 Feb 13.

PubMed abstract

Arm span and ulnar length are reliable and accurate estimates of recumbent length and height in a multiethnic population of infants and children under 6 years of age.

Author(s): Forman MR; Zhu Y; Hernandez LM; Himes JH; Dong Y; Danish RK; James KE; Caulfield LE; Kerver JM; Arab L; Voss P; Hale DE; Kanafani N; Hirschfeld S

J Nutr. 2014 Sep;144(9):1480-7. doi: 10.3945/jn.114.194340. Epub 2014 Jul 16.

PubMed abstract

Data Acquisition and Preprocessing in Studies on Humans: What Is Not Taught in Statistics Classes?

Author(s): Zhu Y; Hernandez LM; Mueller P; Dong Y; Forman MR

Am Stat. 2013;67(4):235-241.

PubMed abstract